Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Dog Care and Training

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Canine Care and Coaching
Normal Convention
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Yr of Introduction: 1976

1. Describe the steps you must take within the following areas of canine care[edit]

a. Choice[edit]

Golden Retrievers are famend for his or her gentleness and intelligence.

For common house owners, the significance of the breed is in understanding for what function the canine was bred and the way that function pertains to its life as a pet. Herding canine usually get a fame for nipping, as a result of that’s the approach they management animals they’re herding. Retrievers require a lot of common energetic working and chasing. Lap canine like to be in your lap. Dalmatians are coach canine. As ornamental as they’re, if they won’t have a possibility for normal train, you must select another canine. If you happen to like an energetic canine, you must get an even bigger canine. If you happen to like a extra laid-back canine, get a lap canine.

You should buy a canine from a good canine breeder, if you’re motivated to undertake by the need for a particular kind of canine or when you want to decrease the uncertainty that usually accompanies a shelter canine. Additionally, you will pay considerably extra for the privilege, however welcoming a well-bred, wholesome and educated canine into your house is kind of a privilege, certainly! The additional value is commonly small in comparison with the remedy of the signs of a genetic dysfunction.

Remember that good, respected breeders don’t breed each cycle and should even lose cash after they do have a litter. Prices they assume embrace

  • well being and genetic testing of the mom,
  • getting the mom along with a genetically applicable father who can be examined for well being and genetic issues,
  • medical take care of the mom throughout being pregnant and beginning (together with a caesarian if needed),
  • medical and routine take care of the puppies (even sick ones) for at the least 8–10 weeks,
  • microchipping of every pet, and
  • caring for any pet that turns into homeless throughout its lifetime.

Shopping for a canine from a pet retailer is not really useful, as these canine are sometimes poorly socialized, obtain no coaching, and are generally weaned from their moms and siblings too early (usually 5 weeks). You often do not know the place they got here from and the way the earlier proprietor handled them. If you happen to ever see a canine in a pet retailer, and wish to take them dwelling and take care of them, think about the next:

  • Puppies require a substantial amount of consideration and time;
  • Coaching is a tedious and infrequently irritating course of;
  • Puppies usually be taught chunk inhibition from their moms and littermates between 5 and 10 weeks of age so you’ll have to do the educating;
  • Pet shops generally (some would say “all the time”) inventory animals bred in pet mills or by non-reputable breeders, in unsanitary, harmful and inhumane situations—and each pet mill canine buy perpetuates the existence of pet mills.

Many animal welfare charities suggest adopting a canine from an animal shelter, moderately than shopping for one at a retailer or from a breeder. Getting an grownup canine from a shelter avoids surprises in things like the dimensions and temperament of your pet. They’re usually neutered and house-trained, too!

b. Registration[edit]

There are two methods a canine may very well be registered. The primary of those, for purebred canine, is with the canine’s breed registry. This kind of registration is completed as soon as, often by the canine’s breeder.

The second kind of registration applies to all canine, however maybe not in all localities. Most native governments require that canine be licensed. The proprietor should pay a small payment and show that the canine has been vaccinated in opposition to the rabies virus. The federal government company could problem tags that the canine is to put on on its collar. Failure to register a canine on this approach when it’s required can result in stiff penalties that far exceed the price of the nominal payment and the price of vaccination.

c. Pictures[edit]

As talked about partly b of this requirement, vaccination in opposition to rabies is commonly mandated by the native authorities. Even when it’s not mandated, it’s nonetheless a good suggestion. Whenever you purchase a canine, you must get documentation on the pictures it has had. Don’t belief the vendor on this regard. If the canine doesn’t have documentation, it is vitally unlikely that it has had its pictures, and it’s possible you’ll be required to get them once more anyhow. A canine have to be taken to a veterinarian to obtain its pictures. They’ll know which pictures are required, and they’ll offer you the documentation you have to get your canine registered.

2. Do at the least two of the next[edit]

a. Describe what will be completed to take away fleas, ticks, and lice out of your canine.[edit]


The most effective plan of action is to forestall these parasites from infecting your canine by treating them with a preventative drugs. One such drugs is Fipronil, the energetic ingredient in Frontline. One other is Imidacloprid Permethrin, the energetic ingredient in K9 Advantix and Vectra 3D. These medicines are utilized topically each month and can be found with a veterinarian’s prescription. Your canine’s vet could advise different measures as nicely.

Tick Elimination[edit]

If you happen to discover a tick hooked up to your canine, discover a pair of tweezers and dip them in rubbing alcohol. Grasp the tick as close to the canine’s pores and skin as doable after which gently pull. Be affected person and pull firmly and with constant power. The tick will finally tire and launch its grip. You may then both place it in a sealable container (similar to a freezer bag or a jar) in order that it may be analyzed by a vet, or you may destroy it by dropping it in rubbing alcohol. Wash your arms if you end up completed.

When eradicating the tick:

  • Don’t squeeze the tick’s physique – pull it out by greedy it close to its jaws.
  • Don’t twist the tick – simply pull.
  • Don’t attempt to “burn the tick out” by making use of a lit match to it. That is harmful! Additionally it is more likely to trigger the tick to disgorge micro organism into your canine’s bloodstream.
  • Do not enable your canine to eat the tick (it is going to probably attempt).

Flea and Lice Elimination[edit]

Fleas and lice will be combed out of your canine’s hair. In case your canine has an infestation you must give it a shower with flea/lice shampoo, then groom the canine with a advantageous comb. Lastly, dip the canine in a pyrethrin dip. Additionally, you will must deal with any space the place your canine has spent plenty of time (its mattress, canine home, and so on.) to forestall reinfestation.

b. Point out a number of the illnesses, pests, and worms that canine can get.[edit]

Rabies is a viral illness generally related to canine, though in recent times canine rabies has been virtually eradicated in North America and Europe resulting from in depth and sometimes necessary vaccination necessities. Rabies in canine is a deadly illness transmitted by the chunk of an contaminated mammal, similar to a cat, raccoon, bat, or one other canine. Animals with rabies endure deterioration of the mind and have a tendency to behave bizarrely and sometimes aggressively, rising the probabilities that they may chunk one other animal or an individual and transmit the illness.
Canine distemper, attributable to a virus just like the reason for measles, is a extremely contagious illness that impacts the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous programs. It’s unfold by way of both direct contact with respiratory excretions, by way of the air, or on inanimate objects similar to clothes. Signs and indicators embrace discharge from the attention or nostril, coughing, problem respiration, vomiting, diarrhea, melancholy, seizures, and paralysis.
Kennel cough
Kennel cough is a extremely contagious canine sickness characterised by irritation of the higher respiratory system. It may be attributable to viral infections similar to canine distemper. It’s so named as a result of the an infection can unfold shortly amongst canine, similar to within the shut quarters of a kennel.
Fleas and Ticks
Fleas and ticks of varied species will be acquired and introduced dwelling by a canine, the place they will multiply and assault people (and vice versa). That is notably vital, now that tick-borne Lyme Illness has develop into endemic all through a big space, along with different comparable illnesses similar to Rocky Mountain Noticed Fever.
Hookworms, Tapeworms, and Roundworms
Parasites, notably intestinal worms similar to hookworms, tapeworms and roundworms, will be transmitted in a canine’s feces. Some tapeworms have fleas as intermediate hosts: the worm egg have to be consumed by a flea to hatch, then the contaminated flea have to be ingested (often by the canine whereas grooming itself) for the grownup worm to ascertain itself within the intestines. The worm’s eggs then go by way of the intestines and cling to the nether areas of the canine, and the cycle begins once more.
Coronary heart worms
Because the identify suggests, an contaminated mosquito injects a larva into the canine’s pores and skin, the place it migrates to the circulatory system and takes up residence within the pulmonary arteries and coronary heart, rising and reproducing to an alarming diploma. The results on the canine are fairly predictable, cardiac failure over a 12 months or two, resulting in dying. Therapy of an contaminated canine is tough, involving an try and poison the wholesome worm with arsenic compounds with out killing the weakened canine, and regularly doesn’t succeed. Prevention is far the higher course, through heartworm tablets that are fed to the canine and comprise a compound which kills the larvae instantly upon an infection with out harming the canine. Typically they’re accessible mixed with different parasite preventives.

c. Clarify what you must do for a canine chunk.[edit]

This relies on the severity of the chunk. If the canine didn’t puncture the pores and skin, crucial factor so that you can do is right the canine. For harmless chewing on individuals’s arms and ft, an efficient correction is to spray some bitter apple into the canine’s mouth. That is accessible at a pet provide retailer, and shortly teaches the canine that biting and mouthing aren’t allowed.

If the pores and skin is punctured however the harm will not be extreme, you have to to scrub out the wound with cleaning soap and water and apply a disinfectant. The customarily parroted principle {that a} canine’s mouth is clear and even promotes therapeutic is patently false. Canine routinely eat feces! It’s due to this fact crucial that the wound be disinfected. The canine may even must be corrected.

If the harm is extreme, the sufferer might have to hunt consideration from a professional medical skilled. In critical assaults, the canine could must be euthanized. If a canine will not be educated correctly, it might severely injure and even kill a human. If this occurs, the canine will nearly actually be put down, and the proprietor could face authorized motion.

3. Describe find out how to housebreak a pet.[edit]

There are two frequent approaches to burglary a pet: crate coaching, and paper coaching.
Each have their proponents and detractors. Each strategies are recognized to be efficient, however it’s best to decide on one and keep it up. Switching from one approach to the opposite will confuse your canine and lengthen the period of time required for burglary.

Crate Coaching[edit]

By intuition, most canine don’t wish to defecate or urinate of their den. The crate is meant to be an alternative choice to a den.

A pet could also be saved in a crate besides throughout feeding time or throughout supervised play time. When allowed to exit the crate, the pet is taken to a soiling space to defecate or urinate.

A crate must be giant sufficient for a pet to have the ability to get up, flip round, and lie down comfortably. If there may be an excessive amount of house, the pet may use the unoccupied finish for wastes. If an proprietor would not wish to purchase a number of crates because the pet grows, it is doable to dam off one finish of a bigger crate, or to purchase a crate with detachable dividers.

The pet’s potty breaks have to be frequent sufficient to keep away from “accidents” since puppies have a tough time controlling urination and defecation. Management will get higher because the pet will get older. Even an grownup canine, when ailing or affected by sure drugs, can find yourself soiling the crate, making the canine uncomfortable each bodily and mentally, if the proprietor is not vigilant and conscious of the canine’s wants.

Toys and comfortable bedding materials within the crate make it extra comfy for a canine or pet.

A crate shouldn’t be used as a jail. Trainers advise that the crate solely be closed when the proprietor is dwelling. Crate coaching will not be the identical as confinement for prolonged intervals. No canine ought to ever be confined to a crate past its potential to manage its bodily features.

Paper Coaching[edit]

Paper coaching is less complicated if the pet is confined to a small house (i.e. inside a pen). Place a plastic sheet lined with a layer of newspaper (ideally Three pages thick) on the underside of the pen. Watch your pet intently. When the pet goes to the lavatory on the papers, reward him (ideally with a clicker phrase and a deal with). Clear the soiled papers instantly (however, when you do not thoughts this, do not clear the plastic. Your pet could also be inspired to proceed happening the papers if it smells somewhat.). Step by step lower the quantity of papers within the cage till you have gone down to a few pages stacked on prime of one another.

Bell Coaching[edit]

Bell coaching is greatest used when you’re coaching your canine to go to the lavatory outdoors. First, get a cow bell, a buzzer with a big, paw or nose-friendly button, or another noise making system and educate your canine to make use of it.

Grasp the bell close to the door your canine must undergo to get outdoors to his lavatory house. Smear cheese wiz on it. If the bell rings when the canine licks it off, reward him (ideally with a clicker phrase and a deal with). Subsequent, put the canine outdoors each time he licks the cheese wiz off and rings the bell. Reward the canine when he goes outdoors with the bell, however reward him much more if he goes to the lavatory after ringing the bell. Proceed this till the canine rings the bell with out the cheese wiz.

You may practice the canine to push a buzzer button along with his paw by inserting a deal with on the button. Do not let him get to the deal with along with his mouth. This can frustrate the canine, inflicting him to attempt to attain the deal with along with his paw.

4. Clarify intimately how you’ll wash a canine and take care of its basic hygiene.[edit]


Bathing is a crucial a part of the general grooming course of.

Brushing is commonly really useful earlier than bathing, to take away lifeless pores and skin and unfastened hair. Human shampoos are typically not really useful, resulting from pH variations between people and canine.

Listed here are some basic steps:

  • Rinse the canine fully.
  • Apply the shampoo on canine’s again. Lather nicely. Repeat for stomach, legs and tail.
    • Brief-haired canine will be scrubbed in a round sample. It could be simpler to scrub medium-length haired with a back-and-forth movement; longer-haired canine within the course of hair development.
    • A washcloth can be utilized to scrub the canine’s delicate head and face.
  • Rinse once more, holding the water with one hand as you’re employed out the cleaning soap with one other.
  • Run your hand all alongside the canine to take away extra water. Squeeze longer hair to take away extra water.
  • Towel-dry. Use a hair dryer on longer haired canine, however use a really low warmth setting due to the sensitivity of the canine’s pores and skin to warmth.

Many use an indoor tub for canine bathing. For a lot of dwelling house owners this may be burdensome, particularly with giant canine. You probably have an outdoor canine, likelihood is they might be notably extra soiled than an inside canine. Getting your giant, soiled canine inside will be tough and messy. You may all the time wash your canine outdoors with a water hose. You will need to take heed to the skin temperature and the temperature of your outdoors faucet water.

It could be helpful to buy an elevated canine tub tub that brings the canine as much as the extent of the human, not vice versa. The flexibility to scrub your canine with out bending down or getting in your knees will not be solely handy, however much less stressfull in your physique. Many tubs even have straps to carry your canine inside the bathtub and forestall them from slipping and hurting themselves. A easy seek for canine tub tub will reveal many suppliers of high quality tubs particularly for bathing your canine. They will additionally substitute for a grooming desk.


Different areas of canine hygiene embrace brushing, cleansing its ears, and trimming its nails.

That is particularly vital for long-haired canine. Brushing will choose up unfastened hair from the canine and scale back shedding issues. Have your canine sit or lie down, and use a canine brush to softly sweep by way of its fur. Don’t tug at tangles (it hurts!) If you happen to discover a closely matted space of fur that can not be brushed out, rigorously minimize it out with scissors, however be very cautious. You don’t want to injure your canine, and you do not need to provide it a foul haircut both!
Cleansing the ears
This may be completed with a moist paper towel. Once more, you get your canine right into a sitting place and start petting it. Scratch it across the ears, after which gently work the paper towel into the interior ear, rubbing and massaging the canine as you clear. Don’t insert the paper towel into the ear canal the place you’ll be unable to retrieve it. Throw the dirty paper towel away and use a brand new one for the opposite ear.
Trimming the claws
For this you have to a particular nail trimmer made only for trimming the nails of canine. It’s best to have the ability to discover one at a pet provide retailer. Do not use nail trimmers made for human nails. Rigorously look at your canine’s nail, on the lookout for the fast. If you happen to trim it too quick, you’ll minimize into the short, inflicting a lot ache to your canine, and inflicting it to bleed (typically profusely). Trim the entrance paws first, after which if desired, trim the rear ones as nicely. Canine that spend plenty of time working on pavement or rocks is not going to want their nails trimmed.

5. Take full accountability for feeding and watering a canine for 2 or three months.[edit]

Resolve how usually you’ll feed your canine – usually it’s completed a couple of times per day. Watch out to not overfeed the canine, and don’t give it snacks (i.e., human meals) between meals. It’s best to fill the canine’s bowl on the similar time every single day – canine love routines.

Water, however, ought to all the time be accessible to your canine. Control the water dish and refill it if it’s not full (even when it is solely half full). You must also preserve an “ear” on the water dish. Whenever you hear your canine consuming, you must refill the dish as quickly as it’s handy to take action – sooner if the canine has simply been exercising.

6. Prepare your canine till you may efficiently reveal the next:*[edit]

The instructions listed below are similar to those listed within the AKC Novice Take a look at, which has a rating of as much as 200. The AKC Novice Take a look at additionally embrace a “free heel” which is identical as a daily heel, besides with no leash. See for particulars.

a. Heel: Your canine walks near your left facet and sits once you halt.[edit]

This may be completed by holding a deal with in your left hand and letting your canine odor it. Then begin strolling and provides the command heel. If you happen to enable the canine to nibble on the deal with when you stroll, he’ll observe alongside simply the place he’s alleged to. Cease and command the canine to take a seat. When he complies, give him the remainder of the deal with.

b. Determine 8: Your canine stays near your facet with out sniffing individuals, fireplace hydrants, or different canine.[edit]

The Determine 8 is an train throughout which the coach walks in a determine Eight round two cones whereas the canine heels. The canine ought to ignore distractions in the course of the train. Throughout the determine eight, the canine must stroll across the cone whereas the coach walks on the skin of the primary circle. Then the course adjustments and the canine will stroll across the cone whereas the coach walks alongside the skin of the second circle. As soon as the canine is aware of find out how to heel, this train will be practiced till the canine (and the coach) have realized it.

c. Stand for examination: Your canine permits strangers to the touch him.[edit]

  • Get your canine’s consideration.
  • Maintain a deal with to his nostril and let him odor it. Transfer it behind his head and he’ll sit. (That is the way you educate sit by the way in which).
  • Transfer the deal with away from him and provides the command to stand.
  • Preserve shifting it away till he’s standing.
  • Give him loads of reward (and the deal with).
  • Observe.
  • When the canine appears to know stand, drop the deal with on the ground.
  • Don’t enable the canine to get the deal with till you launch him (by saying “OK!”)
  • If the canine goes for the deal with earlier than the discharge, take it away. Then give the stand command once more.

Within the AKC Novice Take a look at, the “stranger” is the choose.

d. Recall: Your canine comes when referred to as, sits immediately in entrance of you, and strikes to your left facet on command.[edit]

For this motion, the command is both “entrance” or “come.” To coach a canine to come back when referred to as, get a deal with, and get the canine’s consideration. Inform her “come” or “entrance,” maybe even utilizing her identify: “Come, Penny!” When she comes, give her the deal with. When the canine appears to “get” this, have her sit in your left earlier than giving her the deal with. You are able to do this by getting her to observe her nostril for the deal with – simply transfer it round till she is subsequent to you, then transfer the deal with over her head as when educating “sit”. Don’t reward the canine or give her the deal with till she sits, however then give her the deal with, and pour on the reward. Observe till she will be able to do that simply.

Don’t use this command anytime you want to confine the canine or to scold her. In case your canine is misbehaving and also you inform her to come back – and you then punish her – she will likely be very confused. In her doggy thoughts, she’s going to affiliate the command with the punishment, as in “Uh oh! I am in bother! I might higher get outta right here!” That is precisely the alternative of what you need.

If the canine is misbehaving, it’s OK to inform her to come back, however then you have to not punish her.

e. Lengthy sit and lengthy down: Your canine stays in both place when you attend to different enterprise.[edit]

Sit is without doubt one of the first (and best) instructions to show a canine. Maintain a deal with in your hand and get your canine’s consideration. Maintain the deal with in order that she will be able to see it and odor it, however not take it. With the canine positioned in entrance of you, give the command to take a seat. Then transfer the deal with over the canine’s head (over the ears). If the canine doesn’t sit (which is the pure response), transfer the deal with farther again. When she does sit, say OK! instantly give her the deal with, and heap loads of reward on her. Observe till the canine is aware of to take a seat once you say sit. The following step is to command the canine to take a seat, after which – as a substitute of giver her the deal with, place it on the ground out of her attain. If she will get up from the sit place, pop the leash and provides a agency (however not offended) No and take away the deal with. Don’t let her take the deal with till you say OK! which is the discharge command. Don’t make her watch for greater than 5 seconds at first, however then apply with longer and longer delays.

Down begins out identical to sit. Give the command down and maintain the deal with over her head till she sits. Then transfer the deal with between her entrance paws. Preserve pushing it beneath her chest till she lays down. Then launch (say OK!) and giver her the deal with. Once more, apply till she has this down. Then as a substitute of giving her the deal with, place it out of her attain, as you probably did with sit. Don’t enable her to get the deal with till you give the discharge.

* If in any respect doable, canine and handlers ought to get directions from a professional instructor, ideally in a category. A certificates of completion of coaching in any canine obedience class with a qualifying rating of 170 out of the doable 200 will likely be accepted for this honor.[edit]


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