Aeroméxico – Wikipedia

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Aeroméxico - Wikipedia

Mexican airline

Aeroméxico timeline

Aerovías de México, S.A. de C.V.[5] working as Aeroméxico (stylized as AEROMEXICO), is the flag provider[6] airline of Mexico, based mostly in Mexico Metropolis. It operates scheduled providers to greater than 90 locations[7] in Mexico; North, South and Central America; the Caribbean, Europe and Asia. Its major base and hub is in Mexico Metropolis, with secondary hubs in Guadalajara and Monterrey.[8] The headquarters is within the monetary district on Paseo de la Reforma, previously in its personal constructing overlooking the Diana the Huntress Fountain,[9][10] however moved down the road in 2017 to the Torre MAPFRE tower throughout from the Mexican Inventory Trade[11] whereas the previous constructing is demolished and changed with a a lot taller new tower.

Grupo Aeroméxico contains Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Join (regional subsidiary), and Aeroméxico Contigo (product on choose U.S.-Mexico routes). The group at the moment holds the No. 2 place in home market share behind Volaris, with 24.2%; and No. 1 place in worldwide market share with 15.8%, within the 12 months ending March 2020, changing into Mexico’s largest worldwide airline group.[12][13] Aeroméxico is without doubt one of the 4 founding members of the SkyTeam airline alliance, together with Air France, Delta Air Strains and Korean Air.

Aeroméxico works intently with the U.S. provider Delta Air Strains, which owns a part of Aeroméxico and in 2015 introduced its intention to amass as much as 49%. On Eight Might 2017 a joint industrial settlement (JCA), got here into impact, whereby the airways share data, prices, and revenues on all their flights between the USA and Mexico.[14][15]

In 2016, the corporate flew 19.703 million passengers (up 5.0% vs. earlier 12 months), of which 13.047 million home (+3.7%)and 6.656 million worldwide (+7.6%). It flew 34.776 million income passenger kilometers (RPKs), had 43.362 million out there seat kilometers (ASKs), and an 80.3% load issue.[16]

Historical past[edit]

1934[edit]

The airline was established as Aeronaves de México on 15 September 1934,[17] by Antonio Díaz Lombardo. Its first plane was a Stinson SR Reliant 5A (registered XB-AJI[18]). Julio Zinser piloted the maiden flight on the Mexico Metropolis – Acapulco route on 14 September 1934.

An early Bellanca plane of Aeroméxico, México Metropolis – Acapulco ca. 1935.

Aeronaves de Mexico Bristol Britannia at New York JFK in 1958.

1940s[edit]

When World Struggle II started, the airline continued to develop with the assistance of Pan Am, which owned 25% of the brand new Mexican airline. Aeroméxico noticed few modifications for the subsequent 20 years. Nevertheless, throughout the 1950s, renovation started, and the airline took over numerous small competitor corporations throughout the nation, together with Aerovías Visitor (the second airline of the nation at the moment) that held the routes to Madrid and Paris. Aeroméxico added plane together with the Douglas DC-Three and its successor, the Douglas DC-4.

1950s[edit]

Throughout the late 1950s, the Douglas DC-4s have been changed by some pressurized Douglas DC-6s and two Bristol Britannias (the primary turboprop passenger plane within the fleet) and in 1958, providers have been inaugurated to Idlewild Airport (now JFK) utilizing the Britannias. The Mexico Metropolis-New York route would show worthwhile for “Aeronaves” and its North American rivals. The airline was nationalised in 1959.

1960s[edit]

Within the early 1960s, the fleet of Aeronaves de México (Aeroméxico) included Douglas DC-3, Douglas DC-6, and Bristol Britannia plane. Beginning in 1961, “Aeronaves” started changing its piston-engined plane with new jets. The primary jet-engined plane have been a pair of Douglas DC-8s. The DC-8s have been used on routes inside Mexico and to New York Metropolis. In 1963, Aeronaves de México (Aeroméxico) took over Aerovias Visitor airways they usually have been merged below the title Aeronaves de México. Later within the 1960s, extra DC-8s have been added and repair to Europe was resumed, operated by two de Havilland Comet 4C jet plane dry-leased by Aerovías Visitor previous to the merger.

1970s[edit]

The 1970s introduced dramatic modifications for Aeroméxico. In 1970, below a authorities plan, Mexican home airways have been nationalized into an built-in air transport system below the management of Aeronaves de México. The system included eight smaller carriers, though these have been later disbanded.[17]
Throughout the early 1970s, the remaining Douglas DC-6 and Bristol Britannia plane have been retired. A brand new shade scheme (orange and black) was launched and the airline modified its title from “Aeronaves de México” to its present, shortened model of Aeroméxico in February 1972.

Aeroméxico, as one of many launch prospects of the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 program, acquired the primary of its plane in 1974. That very same 12 months the airline additionally took supply of its first seven McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32s. Throughout this era the airline’s reputation and visibility grew dramatically. This was due partially to Aeroméxico’s involvement in Mexican films. Mainly, each time characters in any film produced in Mexico needed to fly someplace, they have been depicted as flying on Aeroméxico plane. Service to Canada was initiated and within the early 1970s, two extra DC-9-15s have been added to the fleet.[citation needed]

1980s[edit]

The early 1980s have been marked by growth. A brand new shade scheme was launched (orange paint and silver), two DC-10-15s and a DC-10-30 have been added in 1981 and in 1984. Aeroméxico, one of many launch prospects of the McDonnell Douglas MD-82 (an elongated model of the DC-9), acquired its first two in late 1981. Between 1980 and 1981, eight extra DC-9-32 plane have been added.
On 31 August 1986, the corporate suffered its solely deadly accident outdoors Mexico when Aeroméxico Flight 498, a Douglas DC-9, approaching Los Angeles Worldwide Airport was struck by a light-weight plane. Each plane then fell to earth within the Los Angeles suburb of Cerritos, California. All 64 passengers and crew on board the DC-9-32 have been killed, as have been the three folks within the gentle plane and 15 folks on the bottom. After three years and a protracted trial, the plane’s crew and the airline have been discovered to not blame. This was as a result of the pilot of the Piper had strayed into an air visitors management zone reserved for industrial flights. That very same 12 months, the airline acquired the constitution provider GATSA and used it for constitution operations till December.
In April 1988, the state-owned firm was declared bankrupt and grounded for 3 months due to lack of group, a fleet with a median of 20 years with no renovation plan and a depredating administration by the Mexican Authorities. In August, a privatization program was underway. This concerned retiring the eight Douglas DC-8s together with the remaining ten DC-9-15 plane. After a strike and chapter between April and Might 1988, a privatization course of began and included a brand new company title (Aerovias de Mexico SA de CV). The airline restarted operations with a few of its predecessor’s belongings, together with the headquarters constructing, upkeep hangar, some plane, and a few former Aeronaves de Mexico staff.

1990s[edit]

The early 1990s have been turbulent occasions, with the rise in gas prices because of the Gulf Struggle, and a home fare battle brought on by start-up airways like TAESA, Servicios Aéreos Rutas Oriente, Aviacsa, amongst others, in addition to fixed labor issues. In April 1991 the primary two 767-200ERs have been launched to the fleet beginning to substitute DC-10s in providers to Europe, New York, and Tijuana, one other two 767-300ERs joined the fleet later that 12 months. This was all part of a renovation and growth program to introduce 24 direct flights to Madrid and Paris from Mexico Metropolis with Boeing 767s in addition to providers to Frankfurt through Paris and Rome through Madrid.

In 1992 Grupo Aeroméxico was amongst different traders that did not consummate the acquisition of Continental Airways. After failing to spend money on Continental, Aeroméxico acquired the bankrupt Aeroperú from the Peruvian authorities.

In 1993 Aeroméxico Group took over Mexicana, the second-largest airline within the Mexican market below the identical administration. There was an incredible dispute in June 1993 with the pilot union relating to the switch of flights to regional subsidiary Aeromonterrey, which had non-union pilots.[19] Between 1994 and 1995, the six DC-10 plane within the fleet have been lastly retired. Their final income flight was in 1995.

In December 1994 (three weeks after Carlos Salinas de Gortari left the workplace), the primary of a number of devaluations within the subsequent 18 months began, giving approach to an financial disaster in Mexico. As a consequence, Aeroméxico needed to minimize capability and flights to Frankfurt and Rome have been canceled, 4 McDonnell Douglas MD-80s and 4 Boeing 767s have been returned to their lessors, early retirement for pilots and different employees was underway, and a brand new Boeing 767 due for supply in April 1995 was as a substitute transferred to a different airline. Flights to Madrid and Paris have been operated solely by two Boeing 767-300ER jets.

In 1996 Cintra was created to forestall the 2 major carriers from going bankrupt. Some Boeing 757s of Aeroméxico’s authentic renovation program have been transferred to Mexicana and Aeroperú. The market and the airline recovered between 1996 and 1998; eight McDonnell Douglas MD80s have been leased again together with two Boeing 767-200ERs.

The sale of Grupo Cintra was scheduled after a number of delays in September 1999, and with the looming presidential elections in 2000, the whole lot was delayed as soon as once more. The ruling occasion misplaced the election after 70 years in workplace and all of the insurance policies modified. Because of the recession in 2000, the brand new authorities put the whole lot on maintain, ready for higher financial situations to start out the inventory sell-off, and simply when the whole lot was about to start out, the 11 September 2001 assaults occurred and nothing materialized because the two major carriers, Mexicana and Aeroméxico, have been shedding massive quantities of cash.

2000s[edit]

Between 2000 and 2005, Aeroméxico had a median fleet of 60 plane in mainline operation, plus 20 in Aerolitoral, in addition to 5 CEOs throughout this time. On 22 June 2000, the airline, together with Air France, Delta, and Korean Air, based the SkyTeam world airline alliance. After 9/11 and the Iraq Struggle, it pursued a fleet renovation program. In 2003, the airline acquired its first Boeing 737-700 as a substitute of the Boeing 717 as a substitute for its growing older DC-9 plane. On 29 March 2006 Aeroméxico CEO, Andrés Conesa introduced the inauguration of direct flights between Japan and Mexico Metropolis through Tijuana. This was after the acquisition of two Boeing 777-200ERs, making Aeroméxico the third airline in Latin America to fly usually to Asia, after Varig and the now-defunct VASP. Since Varig’s demise, Aeroméxico is at the moment the one airline with this service. Aeroméxico resumed its Mexico Metropolis-Tijuana-Shanghai route twice every week as of 30 March 2010. Suspension of this flight was because of the 2009 flu pandemic.

On 29 June 2006, the Worldwide Lease Finance Company (ILFC) and Aeroméxico introduced that the airline would function three Boeing 787 Dreamliners. Aeroméxico’s deliveries have been scheduled to start in early 2012. From 2006, Consorcio Aeroméxico S.A. de C.V., the mum or dad firm of Aeroméxico on the time, confronted massive money owed and had no earnings to pay them off, so it supplied Aeroméxico on the market in 2007. In early October, a week-long public sale was held, with Grupo Financiero Banamex, a unit of Citigroup, competing in opposition to the Saba household. On 17 October 2007, Banamex supplied the very best bid and bought the airline for US$249.1 million. In October 2010, Aeroméxico’s largest competitor, Mexicana de Aviacion, filed for chapter and was positioned in administration.

2010s[edit]

Delta/Aeroméxico alliance[edit]

In 2011, Delta Air Strains and Aeroméxico signed an enhanced industrial alliance, constructing on an authentic settlement from 1994.[20] The 2011 settlement supplied for codeshare on all of the carriers’ Mexico–US flights; Delta investing US$65 million in Aeroméxico shares; and Delta gaining a seat on the Aeroméxico board of administrators.

  • In March 2014, the airways opened Tech Ops Mexico, a US$55 million joint upkeep, restore, and overhaul facility in Queretaro Metropolis, Mexico.[21]
  • In March 2015, the airways filed functions for antitrust immunity, a primary step within the creation of a US$1.5 billion joint cooperation settlement (JCA) that may enable Delta and Aeroméxico to collectively promote, and share prices and earnings on all Mexico–U.S. routes.[20]
  • In Might 2015, Mexican regulator accredited the JCA; and in the identical month, the Mexican Senate accredited Open Skies between the U.S. and Mexico.
  • In November 2016, the DOT accredited the three way partnership below strict situations that the airways quit slots in each Mexico Metropolis and New York-JFK.
  • In December 2016 the 2 airways made the ultimate settlement to go ahead with the JV and antitrust immunity was granted.[15]
  • In February 2017, Delta introduced a proposal to amass further shares of Aeroméxico, as much as 49%.[22]
  • On Eight Might 2017, the joint industrial settlement went into impact, whereby the airways share data and collectively decide routes and pricing on all U.S.-Mexico flights, and share prices and earnings.[14]

Dreamliners[edit]

On 25 July 2012, Aeroméxico CEO Andrés Conesa introduced the acquisition of six Boeing 787-9 Dreamliners. The brand new order was added to the package deal of 20 plane that the corporate had introduced in 2011 and 9 extra Boeing 787-Eight Dreamliners already supplied. The supply of the Dreamliners started in the summertime of 2013. The entire funding is US$11 billion and contains the acquisition of 90 Boeing 737 MAX 8s which started delivering from 2018.[23][24] The airline took supply of its first Boeing 787-Eight Dreamliner (sourced from the ILFC order guide) in early August 2013 and formally launched industrial service on 1 October 2013. Between 2013 and 2015, the remaining eight have been delivered (seven leased and two owned by Aeroméxico outright).[25]

In September 2016, Aeroméxico acquired its first Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner. This explicit body, registered XA-ADL, is known as after and painted in a singular commemorating Quetzalcoatl, a serious determine in Aztec tradition of pre-Hispanic Mexico, as the results of a “Design within the Air” competitors hosted by the airline inviting college students at choose universities in Mexico to submit a possible design to be painted on the airframe.[26]

Branded fares[edit]

In February 2018 Aeromexico launched a brand new branded fares construction together with a brand new Primary fare which didn’t embody a checked baggage allowance, nor enable for seat assignments, upgrades or modifications.[27]

2020[edit]

Chapter[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic deeply affected the worldwide aviation business, together with Aeromexico. Aeromexico’s inventory dropped throughout first half of 2020 and rumors about chapter appeared, nonetheless on June 19, the corporate denied these rumors.[28] On June 30, Aeroméxico voluntarily filed for Chapter 11 chapter in the USA.[29] Nevertheless, day-to-day operations will proceed as the corporate begins a monetary overhaul. Passengers ought to nonetheless have the ability to fly utilizing their current tickets, and staff will proceed to receives a commission as typical, in accordance with administration. [30]

Company affairs[edit]

Subsidiaries[edit]

Former subsidiaries[edit]

Company Picture[edit]

  • 1960s–1970s – Mexico’s largest airline
  • 1990s – La línea aérea mas puntual del mundo.[34]
  • Earlier than 2009 – Journey the world (Vamos por el mundo)[35]
  • 2010–2012 – A donde te lleven tus sueños.
  • 2012–2013 – Nunca nos detenemos.
  • 2013–current – La línea que nos une.
  • 2016–current – La línea de los Mexicanos y del mundo.
  • English slogan: “Mexico’s International Airline”[36]

Digital innovation[edit]

In 2016, Aeroméxico added 2Ku WiFi service by Gogo to some 737-800 plane,[37] together with entry to Netflix. On its 787-Eight and 787-9 Dreamliners it added Panasonic broadband Web, and on Embraer narrowbody plane, streaming leisure through Gogo’s Gogo Imaginative and prescient.[38]

In July 2016, the airline launched a totally new web site and new check-in kiosks at Mexico Metropolis airport.[39] That very same 12 months, the airline additionally co-sponsored the launch of startup accelerator MassChallenge in Mexico.[40]

In August 2017 the corporate turned the Mexico launch prospects of digital company MediaMonks and collectively, they launched a brand new cell app[41][42]

Chat platform[edit]

In September 2016, Aeromexico turned the primary airline within the Americas to launch a chatbot, that allows prospects to look, monitor and guide flights interacting with a digital assistant on Fb Messenger.[43] Throughout the Fb F8 convention in April 2017, the airline earned reward from Fb for being among the many first corporations worldwide to launch the Chat Extension operate, permitting customers to drag up Aerobot throughout a gaggle chat. It additionally launched the flexibility to ask any query, utilizing synthetic intelligence and pure language processing methods to match the questions with solutions.[44]

In September 2017 Aeromexico introduced that it could be among the many first corporations worldwide to start out providers on WhatsApp’s new Enterprise resolution – the primary time massive corporations would have the ability to present customer support to customers at scale.[45][46][47][48] In February 2018 the corporate introduced growth of additional options along with its associate Yalochat, comparable to buy affirmation and flight notifications through WhatsApp, and deepening the substitute intelligence used on its chat platform.[49]

Locations[edit]

New locations[edit]

In an try to achieve extra worldwide presence and strengthen its community and to make connections simpler and extra frequent, Aeroméxico has began to develop new worldwide markets. In 2006 it began operations to Tokyo from Mexico Metropolis through Tijuana. Service to Shanghai from Mexico Metropolis through Tijuana started in Might 2008. New locations in 2015–2016 included Panama Metropolis (Panama), Santo Domingo, Vancouver, Toronto, Boston, Medellín, Amsterdam, Cozumel, and Austin (Texas).[50] The airline launched service to Seoul from Mexico Metropolis (with a cease in Monterrey solely on the outbound flight) on 1 July 2017.[51][52]

Within the first 12 months of the Delta–Aeromexico three way partnership (June 2017–June 2018) the businesses labored to reinforce connectivity between Mexico and the U.S., and launched new Aeroméxico or Delta flights, or further frequencies, on Los Angeles-Cabo San Lucas; New York JFK-Cancun; Detroit-León; Atlanta-Mérida; Seattle-Mexico Metropolis; Atlanta-Querétaro; Atlanta-León; Portland-Mexico Metropolis; Los Angeles-Leon; Atlanta-Guadalajara; and Guadalajara-Salt Lake Metropolis.[53]

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Aeroméxico codeshares with the next airways:[54]

Present fleet[edit]

Aeromexico makes use of an all-Boeing fleet. As of November 2020 the mainline Aeromexico fleet consists of the next Boeing plane:[55][56][unreliable source?]


Former fleet[edit]

Incidents, accidents, and hijackings[edit]

Aeronaves de México[edit]

  • 26 March 1954 close to Monterrey, México – XA-GUN a Douglas DC-3.[59][60]
  • 2 June 1958 close to Guadalajara, México – XA-MEV, a Lockheed L-749A Constellation working as Flight 111, crashed into La Latilla Mountain, 16 kilometers (10 miles) from the Guadalajara Airport, shortly after takeoff for a flight to Mexico Metropolis after the airliner’s crew did not observe the established climb-out process for Guadalajara Airport. The crash killed all 45 folks on board, and two outstanding American scientists – oceanographer Townsend Cromwell and fisheries scientist Bell M. Shimada – have been among the many lifeless. It was the deadliest aviation accident in Mexican historical past on the time.[61][62][63][64][65]
  • 19 January 1961 in New York Metropolis (Idlewild) – XA-XAX a Douglas DC-8-21[66]
  • 13 August 1966 close to Acapulco, Mexico – XA-PEI a Douglas DC-8-51.[67]
  • 24 December 1966 Lake Texcoco, Mexico – XA-NUS a Douglas DC-8-51[68]
  • 12 June 1967 close to La Paz, México – XA-FUW a Douglas DC-3A[69]

Aerovias de Mexico (AeroMexico)[edit]

  • On 20 June 1973 Douglas DC-9-15 XA-SOC close to Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, Aeroméxico Flight 229, a day by day service from George Bush Intercontinental Airport to Lic. Gustavo Díaz Ordaz Worldwide Airport, crashed into the aspect of a mountain whereas on method, killing all 27 folks on board.[70]
  • 2 September 1976 Douglas DC-9-15 XA-SOF working as Aeromexico Flight 152 overran the runway at Leon/Guanajuato-Del Bajio Airport the place it was broken past restore. No accidents have been reported.[71]
  • On 27 July 1981, Aeromexico Flight 230 XA-DEN a Douglas DC-9-32 crashed whereas touchdown in Chihuahua, killing 32 of the 66 folks on board.[72]
  • Eight November 1981 XA-DEO a Douglas DC-9-32 in Sierra de Guerrero, México.[73]
  • On 31 August 1986 Aeromexico Flight 498, operated with a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, was on its closing method into LAX when it collided with a Piper PA-28 Archer over Cerritos, California. The ensuing crash killed all 67 folks on each plane and 15 folks on the bottom in Cerritos.
  • On 6 October 2000, Aeroméxico Flight 250 N936ML a Douglas DC-9-31 overran the runway at Basic Lucio Blanco Worldwide Airport, Reynosa, Mexico, killing Four folks on the bottom.[74]
  • On 9 September 2009 Aeroméxico Flight 576 was hijacked between Cancún and Mexico Metropolis. The hijacking led to Mexico Metropolis with no casualties.
  • On 20 Might 2017, Aeroméxico Flight 642, a Boeing 737-800, collided with a utility truck at LAX, injuring Eight folks, two of them significantly.[75]
  • On 31 July 2018, Aeroméxico Join Flight 2431 crashed on takeoff from Durango Worldwide Airport. Shortly after changing into airborne, the airplane encountered sudden wind shear brought on by a microburst. The airplane quickly misplaced pace and altitude and impacted the runway, detaching the engines and skidding to a halt about 1,000 ft (300 m) past the runway. The airplane caught fireplace and was destroyed. All 103 folks on board survived, however 39 passengers and crew members have been injured. [76]

See additionally[edit]

References[edit]

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Media associated to Aeroméxico at Wikimedia Commons


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