French › Level one lessons › Weather · Le temps

admin 0
French › Level two lessons › Culture · La culture

Grammar evaluate · At · À[edit]

Dialogue · Is it going to rain? [edit]

Mireille: Il fait beau temps !It’s nice climate !
Monique: Il va pleuvoir aujourd’hui ?Is it going to rain immediately?

Monique may additionally use the query type as a substitute of the intonation given above:

  • Est-ce qu’il va pleuvoir aujourd’hui ? (Pronounced eh-skeel)
or

  • Va-t-il pleuvoir aujourd’hui ?

Mireille: Non, il ne va pas pleuvoir, il fera soleil.No, not raining, it will likely be sunny.
Monique: Très bien ! Allons au parc !Very nicely! let’s go to the park.
Marcelle: Apporte un parapluie, au cas où il pleuvrait.Deliver an umbrella in case it rains.

Just like English, pleuvoir is an impersonal verb: it has solely a third-person singular conjugation:

  • il pleut (current)
  • il va pleuvoir or il pleuvra (future)
  • il pleuvrait (conditional).

Grammar · Negation · Négation[edit]

With a view to say that one did not do one thing, the ne … pas development should be used. The ne is positioned earlier than the verb, whereas the pas is positioned after.

Formation and guidelines[edit]

Easy negation is finished by wrapping ne … pas across the verb:

Je ne porte pas mon manteau.I’m not carrying my coat.

In a previous tense, ne … pas surrounds the auxiliary verb, not the participle:

Je n’ai pas porté mon manteau.I didn’t put on my coat.

When an infinitive and conjugated verb are collectively, ne … pas often surrounds the conjugated verb:

Je ne veux pas porter mes gants.I don’t wish to put on my gloves.

Ne pas also can precede the infinitive for a distinct that means:

Je veux ne pas porter mes gants.I need to not put on my gloves.

Ne precedes any pronoun referring to the verb it impacts:

Je ne les porte pas.I’m not carrying them.

In spoken French, the ne could be omitted, leaving merely pas after the verb in context:

Je sais pas qui vous êtes.I have no idea who you’re.

Examples[edit]

Il est avocat.
Il n’est pas avocat.
He’s [a] lawyer.
He isn’t [a] lawyer.
Nous faisons nos devoirs.
Nous ne faisons pas nos devoirs.
We’re doing our homework.
We’re not doing our homework.
Je joue du piano.
Je ne joue pas du piano.
I play the piano.
I don’t play the piano.
Vous vendez votre voiture.
Vous ne vendez pas votre voiture.
You promote your automobile.
You don’t promote your automobile.

Negation of indefinite articles[edit]

The indefinite articles un, une, and des change to de (or d’) when negating a sentence.

J’ai un parapluie.
Je n’ai pas de parapluie.
I’ve an umbrella.
I haven’t got an umbrella.
J’ai des bottes en caoutchouc.
Je n’ai pas de bottes en caoutchouc.
I’ve some wellington boots.
I haven’t got any wellington boots.

Examples[edit]

Il est belge.
Il n’est pas belge.
He’s Belgian.
He isn’t Belgian.
Nous lisons un livre.
Nous ne lisons pas de livre.
We learn a e-book.
We don’t learn a e-book.
Je mange une cerise.
Je ne mange pas de cerise.
I eat a cherry.
I don’t eat a cherry.

Vocabulary · Frequent climate [edit]

Observe that le temps means each the climate and the time.

Grammar · To go · Aller[edit]

The verb aller is translated to to go. It’s irregularly conjugated (it doesn’t depend as a daily -er verb).

Formation[edit]

Utilization[edit]

There isn’t a current progressive tense in French, so aller within the current indicative is used to specific each I’m going and I’m going:

Où est-ce que tu vas?The place are you going?

Aller should be used with a spot and can’t stand alone.

Along with that means at or in, the preposition à/a/ means to when used with aller:

Je vais à Paris.I’m going to Paris.
Je vais au bureau.I’m going to the workplace.
Tu vas à l’école ?You are going to college?

Close to future · Futur proche[edit]

An infinitive preceded by aller is used to say that one thing goes to occur within the close to future:

Il va pleuvoir demain.It is going to rain tomorrow.
Il va faire froid.It is going to be chilly.
Je vais aller au magasin.I’ll go to the shop.

Recall that the damaging goes across the conjugated verb.

Il ne va pas pleuvoir demain.It isn’t going to rain tomorrow.

Supplementary grammar · There · y[edit]

Rather than a preposition and place, the pronoun y/i/, that means there, can be utilized; y comes earlier than the verb:

J’y vais.I am going there.
Nous allons au Mexique. Nous y allons.We’re going to Mexico. We’re going there.

Do not forget that aller should be used with a spot (there or a reputation) when indicating that you’re going someplace, even when a spot would not usually be given in English.

The damaging type of aller with the y pronoun has each the verb and pronoun enclosed between ne and pas:

Il n’y va pas.He isn’t going there.

Supplementary vocabulary · Expressions [edit]

Allons-y (ahlon-zee) Let’s go
Ça va ?
Remark allez-vous ?
(sah vah)
(koh-mah(n) tahlay-voo
)
How are you?
Allez ! Come on! encouragement
vas-y
allez-y
go forward; go on
On y va ! Let’s get going!
On y va ? Ought to we go?

Vocabulary · Rain and snow · La pluie et la neige[edit]

Dialogue [edit]

Workouts [edit]


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *