go – Wiktionary

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English gon, goon, from Old English gān (to go), from Proto-West Germanic *gān, from Proto-Germanic *gāną (to go), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (to leave).

The inherited past tense form yode (compare Old English ēode) was replaced through suppletion in the 15th century by went, from Old English wendan (to go, depart, wend).

Cognate with Scots gae (to go), West Frisian gean (to go), Dutch gaan (to go), Low German gahn (to go), German gehen (to go), Swedish and Danish (to go), Norwegian (to walk). Compare also Albanian ngah (to run, drive, go), Ancient Greek κιχάνω (kikhánō, to meet with, arrive at), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬰𐬁𐬨𐬌(zazāmi), Sanskrit जहाति (jáhāti)



go (third-person singular simple present goes, present participle going, simple past went or (archaic) yode, past participle gone)

  1. To move:
    1. (intransitive) To move through space (especially to or through a place). (May be used of tangible things like people or cars, or intangible things like moods or information.)
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 6, in Mr. Pratt’s Patients:

        She was so mad she wouldn’t speak to me for quite a spell, but at last I coaxed her into going up to Miss Emmeline’s room and fetching down a tintype of the missing Deacon man.

      • 2005, David Neilson, Standstill →ISBN, page 159:
        […] there was a general sense of panic going through the house; […]
      • 2013, Mike Vouri, The Pig War: Standoff at Griffin Bay →ISBN, page 177
        Telegrams to London went by wire to Halifax, Nova Scotia, thence by steam mail packet to Liverpool, […]
      • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
        I have to go now.

      Why don’t you go with us?

      This train goes through Cincinnati on its way to Chicago.

      Chris, where are you going?

      There’s no public transit where I’m going.

      Wow, look at him go!

    2. (intransitive) To move or travel through time (either literally—in a fictional or hypothetical situation in which time travel is possible—or in one’s mind or knowledge of the historical record). (See also go back.)
      • 2002 September 18, Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 107th Congress, second session; Senate, page 17033:
        You have to go all the way back to Herbert Hoover to see a performance in the Standard & Poors 500 equal to what we are experiencing right now.
      • 2010, Charlotte Sadler, Time for One More Dance →ISBN, page 162:
        “I don’t know how to tell you this, Aubrey, but you can’t go back to 1938 […] the program won’t accept any date that I input before 1941.” […] “Well, I’ll go to 1941, then.”
      Yesterday was the second-wettest day on record; you have to go all the way back to 1896 to find a day when more rain fell.
      Fans want to see the Twelfth Doctor go to the 51st century to visit River in the library.
    3. (intransitive) To navigate (to a file or folder on a computer, a site on the internet, a memory, etc).
      • 2009, David J. Clark, The Unofficial Guide to Microsoft Office Word 2007 →ISBN, page 536:
        To access Office-related TechNet resources, go to www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/office.
      • 2009, Lisa W. Coyne, Amy R. Murrell, The Joy of Parenting →ISBN:
        Go to your earliest memory and to your favorite one, then to one that’s difficult to consider.
      • 2012, Glen E. Clarke, Edward Tetz, CompTIA A+ Certification All-in-One For Dummies →ISBN, page 280
        Go to drive C: through My Computer (or Computer in Windows 7 and Vista) and double-click the c:data folder.
    4. To move (a particular distance, or in a particular fashion).
      • 2003, Harrison E. Salisbury, The 900 Days: The Siege of Leningrad →ISBN, page 307:
        The car went a short distance, then halted. There was something wrong with the carburetor.

      We’ve only gone twenty miles today.

      This car can go circles around that one.

    5. (intransitive) To move or travel in order to do something, or to do something while moving.

      We went swimming.

      Let’s go shopping.

    6. (intransitive) To leave; to move away.
      Synonyms: depart, leave, exit, go away, go out
      Antonyms: come, arrive, approach

      Please don’t go!

      I really must be going.

      Workmen were coming and going at all hours of the night.

      • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. [], part II (books IV–VI), London: [] [Richard Field] for VVilliam Ponsonby, OCLC 932900760, book IV, canto XI, stanza 39, page 167:

        And following Dee, which Britons long ygone / Did call diuine, that doth by Cheſter tend; […]

    7. (obsolete, intransitive) To walk; to travel on one’s feet. [11th-19th c.]
      • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur, Book XII:
        ‘As for that,’ seyde Sir Trystram, ‘I may chose othir to ryde othir to go.’
      • 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, page 129:
        Master Piercie our new President, was so sicke hee could neither goe nor stand.
    Synonyms: move, fare, tread, draw, drift, wend, cross
    Antonyms: freeze, halt, remain, stand still, stay, stop
  2. (intransitive, chiefly of a machine) To work or function (properly); to move or perform (as required).

    The engine just won’t go anymore.

    • 1997, New Scientist, volume 154, page 105:
      ‘Although the lemon is now black and shrivelled the motor is still going strong. If I can make my small motor run for month after month on a single lemon, just imagine how much “juice” there must be in a whole sackful’, Mr Ashill said.
    • 2008, Michael Buckley, Shangri-La: A Practical Guide to the Himalayan Dream →ISBN, page 146
      […] though his publisher swears black and blue that Kelder is still going strong and still remains an intensely private person.
    Synonyms: function, work, operate
  3. (intransitive) To start; to begin (an action or process).

    Get ready, get set, go!

    Here goes nothing.

    Let’s go and hunt.

    • 2001 June 18, a prophecy, quoted in Mary and the Unity of the Church →ISBN, page 49:
      Be listening for my voice. Go when you hear my voice say go.
  4. (intransitive) To take a turn, especially in a game.

    It’s your turn; go.

    Synonyms: move, make one’s move, take one’s turn
  5. (intransitive) To attend.

    I go to school at the schoolhouse.

    She went to Yale.

    They only go to church on Christmas.

  6. To proceed:
    1. (intransitive) To proceed (often in a specified manner, indicating the perceived quality of an event or state).

      That went well.

      “How are things going?” “Not bad, thanks.”

      • c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:

        How goes the night, boy?

      • 1727, John Arbuthnot, Tables of Ancient Coins, Weights and Measures. Explain’d and exemplify’d in several dissertations
        I think, as the world goes, he was a good sort of man enough.
      • 1724, Isaac Watts, Logick, or The Right Use of Reason in the Enquiry After Truth With a Variety of Rules to Guard Against Error in the Affairs of Religion and Human Life, as well as in the Sciences.
        Whether the cause goes for me or against me, you must pay me the reward.
      • 1986, The Opera Quarterly, volume 4, issues 3-4, page 24:
        I certainly won’t mention it to Ben, and will go carefully if he mentions it to me.
    2. (intransitive, colloquial, with another verb, sometimes linked by and) To proceed (especially to do something foolish).

      Why’d you have to go and do that?

      Why’d you have to go do that?

      He just went and punched the guy.

      • 2011, Debra Glass, Scarlet Widow →ISBN, page 96:
        And even if she had believed the story about a John Smith, she might go telling everyone in town about what she’d seen.
  7. To follow or travel along (a path):
    1. To follow or proceed according to (a course or path).
      • 1951?, Gunther Olesch et al., Siddhartha, translation of original by Hermann Hesse:

        I’m repeating it: I wish that you would go this path up to its end, that you shall find salvation!

      Let’s go this way for a while.

      She was going that way anyway, so she offered to show him where it was.
    2. To travel or pass along.
      • 2010, Luke Dixon, Khartoum →ISBN, page 60:
        A shady promenade went the length of the street and the entrance to the hotel was a few steps back in the darkness, away from the glaring sunshine.
  8. (intransitive) To extend (from one point in time or space to another).

    This property goes all the way to the state line.

    • 1946, Hearings Before the Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack, Congress of the United States, Seventy-ninth Congress, First Session, page 2459:
      I think those figures start from 1932 and go to 1941, inclusive, […]
    • 2007, Math for All: Differentiating instruction, grades K-2 →ISBN, page 38:
      Even though they can give a basic fact such as 4 4, I don’t know that this knowledge goes very deep for them.
  9. (intransitive) To lead (to a place); to give access to.

    Does this road go to Fort Smith?

    • 2013, Without Delusion→ISBN, page 191:
      “Where does this door go?” Bev asked as she pointed to a door painted a darker green than the powder green color of the carpet. Janet answered. “That door goes to the back yard.”
  10. (copulative) To become. (The adjective that follows usually describes a negative state.)

    You’ll go blind.  The milk went bad.

    I went crazy / went mad.

    After failing as a criminal, he decided to go straight.

    • 2001, Saverio Giovacchini, Hollywood Modernism: Film and Politics →ISBN, page 18
      Referring to the American radicals who went Hollywood in the 1930s, Abraham Polonsky argues that “you can’t possibly explain the Hollywood communists away […]”
    Synonyms: become, turn, change into
  11. To assume the obligation or function of; to be, to serve as.
    • 1912, The Bookseller, Newsdealer and Stationer, volume 36, page 17:
      There is scarcely a business man who is not occasionally asked to go bail for somebody.
    • 2010, Jane Sanders, Youth Justice: Your Guide to Cops and Courts, →ISBN:

      Most welfare workers are not allowed to go surety for clients.

  12. (intransitive, copulative) To continuously or habitually be in a state.

    I don’t want my children to go hungry.

    We went barefoot in the summer.

  13. (copulative) To come to (a certain condition or state).

    They went into debt, she goes to sleep around 10 o’clock.

    the local shop wants to go digital, and eventually go global.

  14. (intransitive) To change (from one value to another) in the meaning of wend.

    The traffic light went straight from green to red.

  15. To turn out, to result; to come to (a certain result).

    How did your meeting with Smith go?

    • 2014, Tim Harris, Politics Under the Later Stuarts →ISBN, page 195
      When Wharton had to relinquish his seat in Buckinghamshire on his elevation to the peerage in 1696, he was unable to replace himself with a suitable man, and the by-election went in favour of a local Tory, Lord Cheyne.
  16. (intransitive) To tend (toward a result).

    Well, that goes to show you.

    These experiences go to make us stronger.

  17. To contribute to a (specified) end product or result.

    qualities that go to make a lady / lip-reader / sharpshooter

    • 1839, A Challenge to Phrenologists; Or, Phrenology Tested, page 155:
      What can we know of any substance or existence, but as made up of all the qualities that go to its composition: extension, solidity, form, colour; take these away, and you know nothing.
    • 1907, Patrick Doyle, Indian Engineering, volume 41, page 181:
      The avoirdupois pound is one of 7,000 grains, and  go to the pound.
  18. To pass, to be used up:
    1. (intransitive, of time) To elapse, to pass; to slip away. (Compare go by.)

      The time went slowly.

      • 1850, Sketches of New England Character, in Holden’s Dollar Magazine, volumes 5-6, page 731:
        But the days went and went, and she never came; and then I thought I would come here where you were.
      • 2008, Sue Raymond, Hidden Secrets →ISBN, page 357:
        The rest of the morning went quickly and before Su knew it Jean was knocking on the door […]
    2. (intransitive) To end or disappear. (Compare go away.)

      After three days, my headache finally went.

      Synonyms: disappear, vanish, go away, end, dissipate
      Antonyms: remain, stay, hold
    3. (intransitive) To be spent or used up.

      His money went on drink.

      • 2011, Ross Macdonald, Black Money →ISBN, page 29:
        All I have is a sleeping bag right now. All my money goes to keep up the cars.
  19. (intransitive) To die.
    • 1997, John Wheatcroft, The Education of Malcolm Palmer[1], →ISBN, page 85:

      “Your father’s gone.” “Okay, okay, the Gaffer’s kicked off. What happened?”

  20. (intransitive) To be discarded.

    This chair has got to go.

  21. (intransitive, cricket) To be lost or out:
    1. (intransitive, cricket, of a wicket) To be lost.
    2. (intransitive, cricket, of a batsman) To be out.
  22. To break down or apart:
    1. (intransitive) To collapse or give way, to break apart.
      • 1998, Annie Dillard, Pilgrim at Tinker Creek[2], →ISBN, page 157:

        I wonder if I hopped up and down, would the bridge go?

      • 2011, Shaunti Feldhahn, The Lights of Tenth Street →ISBN:
        Sober-eyed commentators safe in their television studios interviewed engineers about the chances that the rest of the dam could go.
      • 2012, Carolyn Keene, Mardi Gras Masquerade →ISBN, page 38:
        Jackson shook his head. “The contractor said those panes could go at any moment.” “Right. Just like the wiring could go at any moment, and the roof could go at any moment.”
      Synonyms: crumble, collapse, disintegrate, give way
    2. (intransitive) To break down or decay.

      This meat is starting to go off.

      My mind is going.

      She’s 83; her eyesight is starting to go.

  23. (intransitive) To be sold.

    Everything must go.

    The car went for five thousand dollars.

  24. (intransitive) To be given, especially to be assigned or allotted.

    The property shall go to my wife.

    The award went to Steven Spielberg.

    • 2007, David Bouchier, The Song of Suburbia: Scenes from Suburban Life, →ISBN, page 19:

      If my money goes to education, I want a report card.

  25. (transitive, intransitive) To survive or get by; to last or persist for a stated length of time.
    • 1983, Princeton Alumni Weekly, volume 84, page 48:
      Against the Big Green, Princeton went the entire first and third quarters without gaining a first down, […]
    • 2011 June 4, Phil McNulty, “England 2-2 Switzerland”, in BBC:

      England have now gone four games without a win at Wembley, their longest sequence without a victory in 30 years, and still have much work to do to reach Euro 2012 as they prepare for a testing trip to face Bulgaria in Sofia in September.

    • 2011, H. R. F. Keating, Zen there was Murder →ISBN:
      ‘Surely one cannot go for long in this world to-day without at least a thought for St Simon Stylites?’

    How long can you go without water?

    We’ve gone without your help for a while now.

    I’ve gone ten days now without a cigarette.

    Can you two go twenty minutes without arguing?!

  26. (transitive, sports) To have a certain record.

    They’ve gone one for three in this series.

    The team is going five in a row.

  27. To be authoritative, accepted, or valid:
    1. (intransitive) To have (final) authority; to be authoritative.

      Whatever the boss says goes, do you understand?

    2. (intransitive) To be accepted.
      • 1503, “19 Henry VII. c. 5: Coin”, in A Collection of Statutes Connected with the General Administration of the Law[3], published 1836, page 158:

        […] every of them, being gold, whole and weight, shall go and be current in payment throughout this his realm for the sum that they were coined for.

      Anything goes around here.

      • The man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
      • 1691, [John Locke], Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest, and Raising the Value of Money. [], London: [] Awnsham and John Churchill, [], published 1692, OCLC 933799310:

        The money which remains should go according to its true value.
    3. (intransitive) To be valid.
      • 2014, Shayna Lance King, If You’d Read This Book: You’d Be Employed By Now →ISBN, page 22
        [To job interviews, wear] muted colors. No pink or paisley (that goes for you too, guys!) […]
  28. To say (something), to make a sound:
    1. (transitive, slang) To say (something, aloud or to oneself). (Often used in present tense.)

      I go, “As if!” And she was all like, “Whatever!”

      As soon as I did it, I went “that was stupid.”

    2. (transitive) To make the (specified) sound.

      Cats go “meow”. Motorcycles go “vroom”.

    3. (intransitive) To sound; to make a noise.

      I woke up just before the clock went.

  29. To be expressed or composed (a certain way).

    The tune goes like this.

    As the story goes, he got the idea for the song while sitting in traffic.

  30. (intransitive) To resort (to).

    I’ll go to court if I have to.

  31. To apply or subject oneself to:
    1. To apply oneself; to undertake; to have as one’s goal or intention. (Compare be going to.)

      I’m going to join a sports team.

      I wish you’d go and get a job.

      He went to pick it up, but it rolled out of reach.

      He’s going to leave town tomorrow.

      • 1590, Philippe Sidnei [i.e., Philip Sidney], “(please specify the page number)”, in Fulke Greville, Matthew Gwinne, and John Florio, editors, The Covntesse of Pembrokes Arcadia [The New Arcadia], London: [] William Ponsonbie, OCLC 801077108; republished in Albert Feuillerat, editor, The Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia (Cambridge English Classics: The Complete Works of Sir Philip Sidney; I), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: University Press, 1912, OCLC 318419127:

        Seeing himself confronted by so many, like a resolute orator, he went not to denial, but to justify his cruel falsehood.
      • 1990, Celestine Sibley, Tokens of myself →ISBN, page 73:
        Now I didn’t go to make that mistake about the record-breaking drought of more than fifty years ago, but, boy, am I glad I made it. Otherwise, I wouldn’t have heard from Joe Almand.
    2. (intransitive) To make an effort, to subject oneself (to something).

      You didn’t have to go to such trouble.

      I never thought he’d go so far as to call you.

      She went to great expense to help them win.

    3. (intransitive) To work (through or over), especially mentally.

      I’ve gone over this a hundred times.

      Let’s not go into that right now.

  32. To fit (in a place, or together with something):
    1. (intransitive, often followed by a preposition) To fit.

      Do you think the sofa will go through the door?

      The belt just barely went around his waist.

      Synonyms: fit, pass, stretch, come, make it
    2. (intransitive) To be compatible, especially of colors or food and drink.

      This shade of red doesn’t go with the drapes.

      White wine goes better with fish than red wine.

      Synonym: harmonize
      Antonym: clash
    3. (intransitive) To belong (somewhere).

      My shirts go on this side of the wardrobe.

      This piece of the jigsaw goes on the other side.

      Synonyms: belong, have a place
  33. (intransitive) To date.

    How long having they been going together?

    He’s been going with her for two weeks.

    Synonyms: go out (with), date, see
  34. To attack:
    1. (intransitive) To fight or attack.
      • 2002, “Objects in Space”, in Firefly:

        You wanna go, little man?

      I went at him with a knife.

    2. (transitive, Australian slang) To attack.
      • 1964, Robert Close, Love Me Sailor[4], page 131:

        As big as me. Strong, too. I was itching to go him, And he had clouted Ernie.

      • 2002, James Freud, I am the Voice Left from Drinking, unnumbered page:
        Then I′m sure I heard him mutter ‘Why don′t you get fucked,’ under his breath.
        It was at that moment that I became a true professional. Instead of going him, I announced the next song.
      • 2005, Joy Dettman, One Sunday, page 297,
        Tom stepped back, considered the hill, and taking off down it. She was going to go him for blowing that flamin′ whistle in her ear all day.
  35. To be in general; to be usually.
    As sentences go, this one is pretty boring.
    • 1982, Fernand Braudel, On History, →ISBN, page 40:

      They are fairly rough and ready as models go, not often driven to the rigor of an authentic scientific law, and never worried about coming out with some revolutionary mathematical language — but models nonetheless, […]

  36. (transitive) To take (a particular part or share); to participate in to the extent of.

    Let’s go halves on this.

  37. (transitive) To yield or weigh.
    • 1910, Ray Stannard Baker, Adventures in Friendship[5], page 182:

      This’ll go three tons to the acre, or I’ll eat my shirt.

    Those babies go five tons apiece.

  38. (transitive, intransitive) To offer, bid or bet an amount; to pay.

    That’s as high as I can go.

    We could go two fifty.

    I’ll go a ten-spot.

    I’ll go you a shilling.

  39. (transitive, colloquial) To enjoy. (Compare go for.)

    I could go a beer right about now.

  40. (intransitive, colloquial) To urinate or defecate.

    I really need to go.

    Have you managed to go today, Mrs. Miggins?

    • 2006, Kevin Blue, Practical Justice: Living Off-Center in a Self-Centered World, →ISBN, page 54:

      Clarence was just as surprised to see Richard, and he went—right there in the doorway. I had slept through all this mayhem on the other side of the apartment. By the time I got up, these were all semi-comical memories and the urine had been cleaned up.

    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:urinate, Thesaurus:defecate
Usage notes[edit]
  • Along with do, make, and to a lesser extent other English verbs, go is often used as a substitute for a verb that was used previously or that is implied, in the same way a pronoun substitutes for a noun. For example:
    Chris: Then he goes like this: (Chris then waves arms around, implying that the phrase means then he waves his arms).
  • Some speakers use went for the past participle, especially in informal contexts, though this is considered nonstandard and is proscribed.
  • Like other English verbs, the verb go once had an alternative present participle formed with the suffix -and, i.e. goand. Goand is now obsolete, having been replaced by going, except in a few rural dialects in Scotland and Northern England, where it is considered archaic. Even in such dialects, it is never used to form the continuous tenses. These examples are from the Highlands:
    Goand snell athwart the houf, hoo hent ‘im be the swyr.Going swiftly across the churchyard, she grabbed him by the neck.
    Goand oot of the holt, she saw a woundor baist.Going out of the woods, she saw a magical creature.
Derived terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


go (countable and uncountable, plural goes)

  1. (uncommon) The act of going.
    • 1993, Francis J. Sheed, Theology and Sanity (→ISBN):
      The Apostles were to be the first of a line. They would multiply successors, and the successors would die and their successors after them, but the line would never fail; and the come and go of men would not matter, since it is the one Christ operating through all of them.
    • 2009, Mark Raney, David Midgett, →ISBN, page 68:

      They talk easily together and they hear the come and go of the breeze in the soon to be turning burnt leaves of the high trees.

  2. A turn at something, or in something (e.g. a game).

    You’ve been on that pinball machine long enough—now let your brother have a go.

    It’s your go.

    Synonyms: stint, turn (turn in a game), move (turn in a game), turn
  3. An attempt, a try.

    I’ll give it a go.

    • 2012, Alex Montgomery, Martin O’Neill: The Biography, →ISBN, page 196:

      You have to stay and we will have a go at winning the championship next season.”

    Synonyms: attempt, bash, shot, stab, try
  4. An approval or permission to do something, or that which has been approved.

    We will begin as soon as the boss says it’s a go.

    • 1894, Bret Harte, The Sheriff of Siskyou
      “Well, Tom, is it a go? You can trust me, for you’ll have the thousand in your pocket before you start.[…]”
    • 2009, Craig Nelson, Rocket Men: The Epic Story of the First Men on the Moon →ISBN
      And as soon as we gave them the go to continue, we lost communication.
    Synonym: green light
  5. An act; the working or operation.
    • 1598, John Marston, Pigmalion, The Metamorphosis of Pigmalions Image and Certaine Satyres, 1856, J. O. Halliwell (editor), The Works of John Marston: Reprinted from the Original Editions, Volume 3, page 211,
      Let this suffice, that that same happy night, / So gracious were the goes of marriage […]
  6. (slang, dated) A circumstance or occurrence; an incident, often unexpected.
    • 1839, Charles Dickens, Nicholas Nickleby, in 1868, The Works of Charles Dickens, Volume 2: Nicholas Nickleby, Martin Chuzzlewit, American Notes, page 306,
      “Well, this is a pretty go, is this here! An uncommon pretty go!
    • 1869, Punch (volume 57, page 257)
      “Ain’t this a rum go? This is a queer sort of dodge for lighting the streets.”
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[6]:

      “Supposing now that some of them were to slip into the boat at night and cut the cable, make off with her? That would be a pretty go, that would.”

  7. (dated) The fashion or mode.

    quite the go

    • 1852, Jane Thomas (née Pinhorn), The London and Paris ladies’ magazine of fashion (page 97)
      We are blowing each other out of the market with cheapness; but it is all the go, so we must not be behind the age.
    Synonyms: mode, style, trend
  8. (dated) Noisy merriment.

    a high go

  9. (slang, archaic) A glass of spirits; a quantity of spirits.
    • 1836, Charles Dickens, Sketches by Boz:

      When the cloth was removed, Mr. Thomas Potter ordered the waiter to bring in two goes of his best Scotch whiskey, with warm water and sugar, and a couple of his “very mildest” Havannas,

    • 1868 March, In a City Bus, in the Eclectic Magazine, new series volume VII, number 3:
      “Then, if you value it so highly,” I said, “you can hardly object to stand half a go of brandy for its recovery.”
    Synonyms: gage, measure
  10. (uncountable) Power of going or doing; energy; vitality; perseverance.

    There is no go in him.

    Synonyms: energy, flair, liveliness, perseverance, pizzazz, spirit, verve, vigour, vim, vitality, zest
  11. (cribbage) The situation where a player cannot play a card which will not carry the aggregate count above thirty-one.
  12. A period of activity.

    ate it all in one go

    • 1995, William Noel, The Harley Psalter →ISBN, page 65
      This could mean that the artist traced the illustration in two goes, as it were, or that the Utrecht Psalter slipped while he was tracing, but I do not think that the relative proportions are consistent enough to demonstrate this.
  13. (obsolete, British slang) A dandy; a fashionable person.
    • 1881, Pierce Egan, chapter VII, in Tom and Jerry[7], page 136:

      That TOM, who was the GO among the GOES, in the very centre of fashion in London, should have to encounter the vulgar stare of this village; or, that the dairy-maid should leave off skimming her cream to take a peep at our hero, as he mounted his courser, is not at all surprising: and TOM only smiled at this provincial sort of rudeness.

    • 2012, Ross, Kate, A Broken Vessel:

      He’s a go among the goes, is Mr. Kestrel. He’s only got to sport a new kind of topper, or tie his crumpler a new way, and every gentry-cove in town does just the same.

    See Thesaurus:dandy
Derived terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


go (not comparable)

  1. (postpositive) Working correctly and ready to commence operation; approved and able to be put into action.
    • 1962, United States. Congress, Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the … Congress, page 2754:
      John Glenn reports all systems are go.
    • 1964, Instruments and Control Systems
      “Life support system is go,” said the earphone.
    • 2011, Matthew Stover, Luke Skywalker and the Shadows of Mindor: Star Wars Legends, Del Rey (→ISBN)
      “Green One has four starts and is go.”
    • 2016, Tim Brewster, Stuck: It’s About to Get Very Weird…, Lulu.com (→ISBN), page 118:
      “Weapons ready?” Sam and I pull our loaded BB guns out of the bag and slot them into place in the longholsters on our backs.“ Weapons are go,” Sam replied.

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Japanese character (go), though it is usually called 囲碁 (igo) in Japanese, taken from the Chinese character 圍棋.

Alternative forms[edit]


go (uncountable)

  1. (board games) A strategic board game, originally from China, in which two players (black and white) attempt to control the largest area of the board with their counters.
    Synonyms: weiqi, baduk

Further reading[edit]

  • go at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • go in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.


Alemannic German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (particle; preposition) ga, ge, gi, gu; gan, gon
  • (verb) , gān, ga, gaa, gah, gan, ge, gi, goo, goh, gou, gu

Etymology 1[edit]

Short form of gon (to, towards). Particle served originally as a preposition (prespositions gon, gan still do). Cognate to (particle/preposition) Alemannic German ga, ge, gi, gu, etc. From Middle High German gon (gan, gen), from Old High German gagan, from Proto-Germanic *gagin. Cognate to German gen (to, towards), gegen (against, towards), Dutch tegen, English gain, gain-, again, against, Icelandic gegn.

Not to be confused with the verb go (to go) (gaa, goo, etc.).


  • (Swiss) IPA(key): [ɡo], [ɡɔ]
  • Hyphenation: go



  1. to (particle follows after verbs (such as go, come); placed before infinitive and often reduplicated)
    I(ch) gang go (ga, ge, gi, gu) schaffe.I am going to work.
    I(ch) gahn(e) go schaffe.I’m going to work.
    I(ch) gang go schlaaffe.I am going to sleep.



  1. to, towards (indicating a direction; nowaday often replaced by uf, nach)
    Synonyms: uf, nach
    I(ch) gang go (ga, gi, etc.) Bäärn.I’m going to Bern.
    I(ch) gang go (ga, gi, etc.) Züri.I’m going to Zurich.
  2. to (used a verb preposition; in combination with verbs and often reduplicated. See particle for more)
  3. (used as an auxiliary time verb for perfect (tense) sentences; placed after verb sii (being) and causing an omission of participle gange (went))

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate to (verb) Alemannic German gon (go), ga, gan, etc. From Middle High German gān (gēn), from Old High German gān, (gēn), from Proto-West Germanic *gān, from Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (to leave). Cognate with German gehen, Low German gan, gahn, Dutch gaan, English go, Danish and Swedish .

Not to be confused with the particle/preposition go (to, towards) (ga, ge, etc.).


  • (Swiss) IPA(key): [ɡoː], [ɡɔː]
  • Hyphenation: go


go (goo, goh) (third-person singular simple present goht, past participle ggange, past subjunctive gieng, auxiliary sii)

  1. to go, to walk, step (movement/motion indicating starting point, direction, aim and purpose)
  2. to go away, walk away , step away
  3. to enter; to step in(side), walk in(side), step in(side) (+ inne (in(side)) (ine (id)); a room, house, building)
  4. to be in motion, to work

    Es muess go (ga, gaa, gah, goo, goh).It has to work (It must work).

  5. to flow (indicating flow direction of a river, stream, creek)
Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • [8] particle/preposition/verb “go” (gā, ga, gān, gan, gāⁿ, gaⁿ, go,​ goⁿ,​ gogeⁿ,​ gi) in Schweizerisches Idiotikon (Swiss,Idiotikon)
  • [9][10] article about “go” (to, towards, against) in Schweizerisches Idiotikon (Swiss Idiotikon), by Christoph Landolt, August 2018




  1. tall


  • B. Oshodi, The HTS (High Tone Syllable) in Arigidi: An Introduction, in the Nordic Journal of African Studies 20(4): 263–275 (2011)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese (go), from Chinese 圍棋.


go n

  1. (board games) go

Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese (go), from Chinese 圍棋.



go n (uncountable)

  1. (board games) go



  • IPA(key): /ɡo/
  • Hyphenation: go
  • Audio:


go (accusative singular go-on, plural go-oj, accusative plural go-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter G.

See also[edit]

  • (Latin-script letter names) litero; a, bo, co, ĉo, do, e, fo, go, ĝo, ho, ĥo, i, jo, ĵo, ko, lo, mo, no, o, po, ro, so, ŝo, to, u, ŭo, vo, zo



From Japanese (go).


  • IPA(key): /ˈɡoː/, [ˈɡo̞ː]



  1. go (game)



Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese (go), from Chinese 圍棋.


go m (plural go)

  1. go (board game)
    Synonym: jeu de go

Etymology 2[edit]


go m (plural gos)

  1. Alternative form of gau

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Bambara go, from English girl.


go f (plural go or gos)

  1. kweng, girl
    • 1998, Ol Kainry (lyrics), “Agrévolution”, in Ce n’est que l’début, performed by Agression Verbale:

      Georgetown pète le champagne, y’a du son, y’a des go et le sunshine
      Tu vois y’a pas de fringues, en caleçon et débardeurs
      Avec une bande de démarreurs, des go qui me disent “t’es speed comme Schumacher”

      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Further reading[edit]



From Japanese (go), though it is usually called 囲碁 (igo) in Japanese.



go (plural gók)

  1. (board games) go


Derived terms[edit]



From the Japanese (go) character, though it is usually called 囲碁 (igo) in Japanese.


  • IPA(key): /ɡo/
  • Hyphenation: go


go (plural, first-person possessive goku, second-person possessive gomu, third-person possessive gonya)

  1. (board games) A strategic board game, originally from China, in which two players (black and white) attempt to control the largest area of the board with their counters.


From Old Irish co, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (next to, at, with, along). Cognate with German ge- (with) (collective prefix) and gegen (toward, against), English gain-, Spanish con (with), Russian ко (ko, to).



go (triggers eclipsis, takes dependent form of irregular verbs)

  1. that (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
    Deir sé go bhfuil deifir air.He says that he is in a hurry.
  2. used to introduce a subjunctive hortative

    Go maire tú é!May you live to enjoy it!

    Go raibh maith agat.Thank you. (literally, “May you have good.”)

  3. until, till

    Fan go dtiocfaidh sé.Wait until he comes.

    Synonym: go dtí go

Related terms[edit]

  • (introducing subordinate clause; until):
    • gur (for past tenses)
    • nach (for negated clauses)
    • nár (for past tenses in negated clauses)
  • (introducing subjunctive hortative): nár (for a negative wish)


go (plus dative, triggers h-prothesis, before the definite article gos)

  1. to (with places), till, until

    dul go Meiriceáto go to America

    Fáilte go hÉirinnWelcome to Ireland

    go leorenough, plenty, galore (literally, “until plenty”)

    go fóillstill, yet, till later, in a while, later on

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the meaning “to”, used with place names that do not start with a definite article. Place names that do start with a definite article take the preposition go dtí instead.



go (triggers h-prothesis)

  1. used to make temporary state adverbs and predicative adjectives

    D’ith sé go maithHe ate well

    Shiúlaíodar go mallThey walked slowly

    go feargachangrily

    Táim go maithI am well


    Is maith mé.I am good



From Japanese (go), from Chinese 圍棋.


go m (uncountable)

  1. (board games) go

Further reading[edit]

  • go in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Iu Mien[edit]


From Proto-Hmong-Mien *qʷuw (far), from Chinese (OC *qʷ(r)a, *[ɢ]ʷ(r)a). Cognate with White Hmong deb and Western Xiangxi Miao [Fenghuang] ghoub.



  1. far, distant




  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Middle English[edit]



  1. Alternative form of gon (to go)

Northern Sami[edit]


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)




  1. when
  2. when, as
  3. since, because
  4. (in comparisons) than

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[11], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Alternative forms[edit]


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)



  1. emphasis marker
    Mii sa go ozhiitaawaad igo.

    They were getting ready.



From English go.



  1. to go; to leave; to go to; to go toward
    • 1988, Geoffrey Miles White, Bikfala faet: olketa Solomon Aelanda rimembarem Wol Wo Tu[12], page 75:

      Bihaen hemi finisim skul blong hem, hemi go minista long sios long ples blong hem long ‘Areo.

      (please add an English translation of this quote)


Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.


go m

  1. genitive/accusative singular mute of on

    Widzisz go?Can you see him?


go n

  1. genitive singular mute of ono

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese (go).


go n (indeclinable)

  1. go


Etymology 2[edit]

From Japanese (go), from Chinese 圍棋.


go m (uncountable)

  1. (board games) go (Chinese strategy board game)


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Slavic *golъ, from Proto-Indo-European *galw- (naked, bald).



(definite gȍlī, comparative gòlijī, Cyrillic spelling го̑)

  1. (Bosnia, Serbia) naked, nude, bare


Sranan Tongo[edit]


From English go.




  1. To go

Tok Pisin[edit]


From English go.



  1. go, leave




  1. first-person singular present indicative of gaver





  1. woof, weft




  1. absolutely


From Middle Welsh gwo-, from Old Welsh guo-, from Proto-Brythonic *gwo-.




  1. pretty, a bit, fairly



From Old Norse góðr, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


go (neuter gött or gått or gódt)

  1. excellent

    goɑftangood evening

    gomörangood morning

  2. (neuter, adverbially)

    he to gött.The arrow or bullet found its way to its target.

    he pante göttIt rebounded well.

  3. able

    ja var int go öm få sunt veaklabben.I was not able to break the block of wood.

  4. tasty

    He smɑkase gött.It tasted well.

    He går ɑllten gött å främmen.Guests are always treated to a little extra.

  5. easily done
  6. friendly, honest
Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  1. well, good


  • Larsson, Evert, Söderström, Sven, “god a. go:”, in Hössjömålet : ordbok över en sydvästerbottnisk dialekt [The Hössjö speech: dictionary of a southern Westrobothnian dialect] (in Swedish) →ISBN, page 74


Etymology 1[edit]

From Chinese .


go (old orthography go)

  1. Used with plants.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Chinese (MC).


go (old orthography go)

  1. song

Etymology 3[edit]

From Chinese (MC).


go (old orthography go)

  1. elder brother
    Synonyms: goq (dialectal), goj (dialectal)
  2. male relative outside of one’s nuclear family, of the same generation, and older than oneself; brother-in-law or cousin

Etymology 4[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from 個?”)


go (old orthography go)

  1. Used sentence-finally to express certainty or decisiveness.
    Synonym: goh (dialectal)

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