Guide for residents returning to Canada

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Guide for residents returning to Canada

The knowledge on this information supplies an outline of the legal guidelines, restrictions, entitlements and obligations that apply to Canadian residents returning to Canada following worldwide journey of lower than one yr.

The knowledge applies to non-public items solely. Residents who’re importing items for industrial functions ought to discuss with the Step-by-Step Information to Importing Business Items into Canada.

For extra info, name the Border Data Service (BIS).

Know earlier than you go


You could carry correct identification for your self, your kids and any dependents travelling with you.

Correct identification features a Canadian passport, a Canadian start certificates, a citizenship card or a Certificates of Indian Standing. The Authorities of Canada recommends that Canadian residents and twin residents journey internationally with a legitimate Canadian passport. That is the one dependable and universally accepted identification doc obtainable to Canadians for the aim of worldwide journey.

Within the case of worldwide air journey, the next paperwork are proof of Canadian citizenship: a legitimate Canadian passport, a Canadian non permanent passport or a Canadian emergency journey doc.

Worldwide transportation firms—corresponding to air, rail or bus strains—might require travellers to current a passport and/or a Canadian Everlasting Resident Card. Chances are you’ll face delays or could also be prevented from boarding if you don’t current one among these paperwork.

Travelling with kids

In Canada, individuals below the age of 18 or 19 are thought-about minors (or kids). The age of a minor is decided by the province or territory of residence. When travelling overseas, minors ought to carry a Canadian passport. Within the air mode, they have to carry a Canadian passport. It is usually strongly really helpful that the next paperwork be obtainable:

  • Consent letter confirming that the kid has permission to journey overseas (for instance, when taking a visit alone or with just one mother or father);
  • Supporting extra identification, corresponding to a passport, start certificates or citizenship card; and
  • Different authorized paperwork, corresponding to divorce papers, custody court docket orders or a loss of life certificates (if one mother or father is deceased).

Minors travelling alone or with an grownup might be assessed on a case-by-case foundation by the Canada Border Companies Company (CBSA) on the port of entry.

For extra info, seek the advice of Travelling with Kids.

Defending your self from ailments

Earlier than you allow Canada, you must contact a journey well being clinic to search out out what vaccinations and medicines you would possibly want. For extra info, seek the advice of Journey Well being.

Defending your valuables

It’s best to make the most of a free identification service for valuables you’re bringing with you in your travels. This service is out there in any respect CBSA places of work throughout Canada and helps guarantee that you’ve proof that your items have been in your possession previous to leaving Canada.

To make use of this service, earlier than leaving Canada, you could current your valuables to a border providers officer. You could state that you just acquired them in Canada or lawfully imported them at an earlier date. The officer will listing your valuables and their serial numbers on a wallet-sized card known as a Type BSF407, Identification of Articles for Non permanent Exportation. This service is out there for objects which have serial numbers or different distinctive markings. For objects that wouldn’t have such markings, the CBSA can apply a sticker to them in order that they are often recognized for customs functions as items which might be legally permitted in Canada.

There isn’t a expiry date on the shape; subsequently it stays legitimate so long as the knowledge is present and legible.

When returning to Canada, present your card to the border providers officer as proof, if requested.


It is strongly recommended that you just journey with as little jewelry as attainable. As jewelry usually has important worth and might be troublesome to establish, it can’t be listed on a Type BSF407 in the identical manner as different valuables. It’s best to take the next steps earlier than you allow Canada to make it simpler so that you can re-enter the nation with this stuff:

  • Receive an appraisal report together with a signed and dated {photograph} of every piece of jewelry from a acknowledged Canadian gemologist, jeweller or your insurance coverage agent;
  • Receive written certification that the objects or jewelry within the images are those described within the appraisal report;
  • Take the jewelry appraisal stories, certification statements and pictures to a CBSA workplace to be validated previous to travelling exterior of Canada;
  • If the jewelry was bought in Canada, retain the gross sales receipt;
  • In the event you imported the products beforehand, ensure you have a replica of your importation receipt (BSF175 Informal Items Accounting Doc); and
  • Carry the appraisal stories, the certifications and pictures when travelling exterior Canada.

Travelling with CAN$10,000 or extra

There are not any restrictions on the amount of cash you may deliver into or take out of Canada, neither is it unlawful to take action.

Nonetheless, any time you cross the border, you could declare any forex or financial devices you’ve in your possession that are valued at CAN$10,000 or extra. The CAN$10,000 might be any mixture of Canadian or overseas forex and financial devices, corresponding to shares, bonds, financial institution drafts, cheques and traveller’s cheques. This requirement applies to you whether or not you’re travelling on enterprise, pleasure or in case you are carrying cash on behalf of another person.

While you arrive in Canada with forex or financial devices valued at CAN$10,000 or extra in your possession, you could report it on Type E311, the CBSA Declaration Card (if one was supplied to you), on an Automated Border Clearance kiosk or a Major Inspection Kiosk, or within the verbal declaration made to a border providers officer.

When leaving Canada by air with forex or financial devices valued at CAN$10,000 or extra in your possession, you could report back to the CBSA workplace inside the airport earlier than clearing safety. Previous to leaving Canada by land, boat or rail, report back to the CBSA workplace nearest your location.

If you’re a NEXUS member and are crossing the border with forex or financial devices valued at CAN$10,000 or extra, you can’t use NEXUS within the land, air or marine modes of transportation. For extra info: NEXUS Phrases and Circumstances.

Seek the advice of Travelling with CAN$10,000 or extra.

Save time on the border

The CBSA affords voluntary Trusted Traveller packages to streamline border clearance for pre-approved, low-risk Canadian and U.S. residents and everlasting residents. As a member, you need to use the next Trusted Traveller packages when coming into Canada at main airports, highways and waterways:


The NEXUS program is collectively run by the CBSA and U.S. Customs and Border Safety (CBP) and affords advantages to trusted travellers who’re crossing the border into Canada and the U.S.

To turn out to be a NEXUS member, you should: full the net software course of; fulfill the admissibility and eligibility standards; go danger assessments carried out by each the CBSA and U.S. CBP; and attend an interview at a NEXUS Enrolment Centre. Go to the NEXUS Software net web page for extra info.

The CANPASS suite of packages

The CANPASS suite of packages affords advantages to trusted travellers (Canadian residents or everlasting residents solely) who’re crossing the border into Canada. These packages embrace:

  • CANPASS Company Plane
  • CANPASS Personal Plane

To turn out to be a member of a number of CANPASS packages, you could: full the registration course of (with a paper software); fulfill the admissibility and eligibility standards; and go danger assessments carried out by the CBSA. When making use of to affix CANPASS Air, you could additionally go to an enrolment centre to finalize your enrolment. Go to the CANPASS web site for extra info.

Private exemptions

Chances are you’ll qualify for a private exemption when returning to Canada. This lets you deliver items up to a sure worth into the nation with out paying common obligation and taxes.

Are you eligible?

You are eligible for a private exemption in case you are one of many following:

  • a Canadian resident coming back from a journey exterior Canada;
  • a former resident of Canada returning to stay on this nation; or
  • a short lived resident of Canada coming back from a visit exterior Canada.

Kids are additionally entitled to a private exemption so long as the products are for the kid’s use. Mother and father or guardians could make a declaration to the CBSA on behalf of the kid.

What are your private exemptions?

The size of your absence from Canada determines your eligibility for an exemption and the quantity of products you may deliver again, with out paying any obligation and taxes. (The exception is a particular excise obligation that will apply to sure tobacco merchandise. Check with Tobacco Merchandise part.)

Absence of lower than 24 hours
  • Private exemptions don’t apply to same-day cross-border consumers.
Absence of greater than 24 hours
  • You’ll be able to declare items value as much as CAN$200.
  • Tobacco merchandise and alcoholic drinks usually are not included on this exemption.
  • If the worth of the products you’re bringing again exceeds CAN$200, you can’t declare this exemption. As an alternative, obligation and taxes are relevant on your entire quantity of the imported items.
  • Items should be in your possession and reported at time of entry to Canada.
  • A minimal absence of 24 hours from Canada is required. For instance, in case you left at 19:00 on Friday the 15th, it’s possible you’ll return no sooner than 19:00 on Saturday the 16th to say the exemption.
Absence of greater than 48 hours
  • You’ll be able to declare items value as much as CAN$800.
  • Chances are you’ll embrace alcoholic drinks and tobacco merchandise, inside the prescribed limits. Check with sections Tobacco Merchandise and Alcoholic Drinks.
  • Items should be in your possession and reported at time of entry to Canada.
  • If the worth of the products you’re bringing again exceeds CAN$800, duties and taxes are relevant solely on quantity of the imported items that exceeds CAN$800.
  • A minimal absence of 48 hours from Canada is required. For instance, in case you left at 19:00 on Friday the 15th, you might return no sooner than 19:00 on Sunday the 17th to say the exemption.
Absence of greater than 7 days
  • You’ll be able to declare items value as much as CAN$800.
  • You could have tobacco merchandise and alcoholic drinks in your possession if you enter Canada, however different items might comply with you by different means (corresponding to courier or by submit). Nonetheless, the entire items you’re bringing again should be reported to the CBSA when you arrive. See Unaccompanied Items part.
  • A minimal absence of seven days is required. When calculating the variety of days you’ve been absent, exclude the day you left Canada however embrace the day you returned. For instance, we take into account you to have been absent seven days in case you left Canada on Friday the seventh and return no sooner than Friday the 14th to say the exemption.

What situations apply?

  • You can not mix your private exemptions with one other individual’s or switch them to another person.
  • You can not mix your private exemptions. For instance, in case you are absent from Canada for 9 days complete, you can’t mix your 48-hour exemption (CAN$800) along with your 7-day exemption (CAN$800) for a complete exemption of CAN$1,600.
  • Generally, the products you embrace in your private exemption should be in your private or family use. Such items embrace souvenirs that you just bought, presents that you just obtained from buddies or kin residing exterior Canada or prizes that you just received.
  • Items you usher in for industrial use or for an additional individual don’t qualify for the exemption and are topic to relevant duties and taxes. In all instances, items you embrace in your 24-hour exemption (CAN$200) or 48-hour exemption (CAN$800) should be with you upon your arrival in Canada.
  • Apart from tobacco merchandise and alcoholic drinks, items you declare in your 7-day exemption (CAN$800) could also be shipped to your own home by mail, courier or different technique of transportation.
  • You could all the time report the worth of the items you’re importing in Canadian funds. International forex quantities together with any overseas taxes should be transformed to Canadian {dollars} on the relevant trade price acknowledged by the CBSA.

Do you spend a part of the yr exterior Canada?

If you spend six months or much less abroad for well being causes or pleasure, the CBSA nonetheless considers you a resident of Canada and you’re entitled to the identical exemptions as different Canadian residents. While you import overseas items or automobiles in your private use into Canada (even briefly), you could meet all import necessities and pay all relevant obligation and taxes.

Provincial concerns

Apart from restricted objects, you may deliver any quantity of products again to Canada. In the event you qualify for a private exemption, you might be required to pay the obligation and taxes in addition to any provincial or territorial levies that apply on the quantity that exceeds your private exemption. In the event you do not qualify for a private exemption, you can be required to pay the obligation and taxes in addition to any provincial or territorial levies that apply on your entire quantity.

Alcoholic drinks

Alcoholic drinks are merchandise that exceed 0.5% alcohol by quantity. Sure alcoholic and wine merchandise that don’t exceed 0.5% by quantity usually are not thought-about alcoholic drinks.

You probably have been away from Canada for 48 hours or extra, you’re allowed to import one of the next quantities of alcohol freed from obligation and taxes:

Product Metric Imperial Estimates
Wine Up to1.5 litres of wine As much as 53 fluid ounces Two 750 ml bottles of wine
Alcoholic drinks As much as 1.14 litres As much as 40 fluid ounces One giant normal bottle of liquor
Beer or ale As much as 8.5 litres As much as 287 fluid ounces Roughly 24 cans or bottles (355 ml every) of beer or ale.

You could meet the minimal age of the province or territory the place you enter Canada. Minimal ages are established by provincial or territorial authorities: 18 years for Alberta, Manitoba and Quebec and 19 years for the remaining provinces and territories.

The CBSA classifies “cooler” merchandise in accordance with the alcoholic beverage they include. For instance, beer coolers are thought-about to be beer and wine coolers are thought-about to be wine.

The portions of alcoholic drinks you may import should be inside the restrict set by provincial and territorial liquor management authorities that apply the place you’ll enter Canada. If the quantity of alcohol you wish to import exceeds your private exemption, you can be required to pay the obligation and taxes in addition to any provincial or territorial levies that apply. Contact the suitable provincial or territorial liquor management authority for extra info earlier than you come to Canada.

Tobacco merchandise

You’ll be able to velocity up your clearance by having your tobacco merchandise obtainable for inspection when you arrive.

Whether or not they’re stamped or unstamped, in case you usher in tobacco merchandise that exceed your private exemption, you can be required to pay the common obligation and taxes as effectively as any provincial or territorial levies that apply on the surplus quantity.

Notice: You should be 18 years of age to deliver tobacco merchandise into Canada below your private exemption.

Stamped Tobacco Merchandise – Private exemption quantities

If you want to import cigarettes, manufactured tobacco and tobacco sticks obligation free as a part of your private exemption, the packages should be stamped “obligation paid Canada droit acquitté“. You will discover tobacco merchandise offered at duty-free shops marked this manner.

You probably have been away from Canada for 48 hours or extra, it’s possible you’ll import all of the next quantities of cigars and stamped tobacco into Canada freed from obligation and taxes.

Product Quantity
Cigarettes 200 cigarettes
Cigars 50 cigars
Tobacco 200 grams (7 ounces) of manufactured tobacco
Tobacco sticks 200 tobacco sticks
Unstamped Tobacco Merchandise – Particular duties price

A particular obligation price applies to cigarettes, manufactured tobacco and tobacco sticks that aren’t stamped “obligation paid Canada droit acquitté”.

For instance, in case you declare a carton of 200 cigarettes as a part of your private exemption and it isn’t stamped “obligation paid Canada droit acquitté”, you can be assessed at a particular obligation price.

Unstamped Tobacco Merchandise – Import limits

Along with your private exemption quantities, there are limits on the amount of tobacco merchandise which may be imported if it isn’t packaged and never stamped “obligation paid Canada droit acquitté“. The restrict is at the moment 5 models of tobacco merchandise. One unit of tobacco merchandise consists of one among the next:

Product Quantity
Cigarettes 200 cigarettes
Cigars 50 cigars
Tobacco 200 grams (7 ounces) of manufactured tobacco
Tobacco sticks 200 tobacco sticks

Items, prizes and awards

Sending presents to Canada

Whereas in a foreign country, you may ship presents to buddies in Canada and never pay obligation and taxes below the next situations: every present should not be value greater than CAN$60 and the presents can’t be tobacco merchandise, alcoholic drinks or promoting matter.

The recipient should pay the obligation and taxes in addition to any provincial or territorial levies that apply for every present having a price in extra of CAN$60. It’s best to embrace a card indicating that the merchandise is a present to keep away from any misunderstanding.

Returning with presents

Whereas presents you ship whereas exterior Canada don’t rely as a part of your private exemption, these accompanying you if you return to Canada, whether or not presents for others or presents you obtained, are topic to non-public exemption limits.

Prizes and awards

Normally, you could pay common obligation and taxes on this stuff in case you obtain them whereas exterior Canada. Prizes might be claimed as a part of your private exemption. You could pay the obligation and taxes in addition to any provincial or territorial assessments that apply in extra of your private exemption.

Modifying an merchandise exterior Canada

In the event you take an merchandise exterior Canada and alter it in any technique to improve its situation or worth, it could be topic to obligation and taxes if you deliver it again into the nation. You could declare the worth of any work, together with repairs, and you’ll have to declare the total worth of the brand new merchandise.

Even when the great originated in Canada the CBSA is unable to deal with the improved merchandise as an excellent returning to Canada. There are totally different necessities for work executed on objects, together with repairs, exterior of Canada. There could also be reduction if this work is carried out in Canada’s free commerce associate nations. If you’re contemplating having any work executed to your items exterior of Canada, you must contact the CBSA beforehand.

Instance: You’re taking an previous diamond ring with you on a journey exterior Canada. Whereas in your journey, you determine to have the diamond taken out of the previous setting and positioned in a brand new setting. While you return to Canada, the CBSA doesn’t take into account the ring to be “returned” jewellery and the ring should be declared accordingly. Relying on the place you had the work executed, it’s possible you’ll be required to pay obligation and taxes on the total worth of the ring or on solely the value to have the work executed.

Repairs or alterations to your automobile, vessel, or plane

In the event you plan to have repairs, alterations or additions made to your automobile, vessel or plane exterior of Canada, you could declare the work when you arrive on the border. In such instances, you must test with the CBSA for info earlier than you allow.

You will have to pay obligation and/or taxes on the work executed. In some instances, the place the work is carried out in sure nations exterior North America, it’s possible you’ll must pay obligation and/or tax on your entire worth of the automobile, vessel or plane if you deliver it again.

Check with the next CBSA paperwork for extra info:

  • D8-2-26, Items Returned After Restore or Alteration in america, Mexico, Chile, Israel or One other CIFTA Beneficiary, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Jordan or Panama
  • D8-2-25, Canadian Vessels Repaired or Altered within the United States, Mexico, Chile, Israel or One other CIFTA Beneficiary, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Jordan, Panama, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Switzerland or Norway

Emergency repairs

If you’re exterior Canada and you’ve got emergency repairs made to your automobile, vessel or plane, the repairs are obligation and tax exempt. To be eligible for this particular provision, you should definitely declare the worth of all repairs and substitute elements if you return to Canada with the automobile and supply any supporting documentation, corresponding to police or insurance coverage stories.

If there’s any doubt that the repairs have been required because of an emergency, you can be required to pay the obligation and taxes that apply for a non-emergency restore or alteration. If you’re later capable of present proof supporting the emergency repairs and eligibility for obligation and tax reduction, it’s possible you’ll attraction the preliminary resolution.

For extra info, discuss with D8-2-4, Canadian Items Overseas Program – Emergency Repairs.

Transport Canada has necessities for automobiles that are extensively modified. For extra info, contact Transport Canada’s Registrar of Imported Autos. (1-888-842-8240)

Returning to Canada

Making your declaration

You could declare all items you acquired whereas exterior Canada, together with purchases, presents, prizes and awards that you’ve with you or are being shipped to you. You could declare items bought at a Canadian or overseas duty-free store, and any repairs or alterations you made to your automobile, vessel or plane whilst you have been in a foreign country.

If you’re not sure whether or not to declare an merchandise, or whether or not an merchandise could also be inadmissible, all the time declare it to the border providers officer. Officers will help you in making your declaration and can work out your private exemption and any obligation and taxes you owe in the best way that advantages you most.

In the event you return to Canada by industrial plane, you will obtain a Type E311, CBSA Declaration Card to finish earlier than you land. These playing cards are additionally used at some places for travellers arriving by practice, boat or bus. In the event you have any questions concerning the card or associated Canadian rules, ask the border providers officer if you arrive. If a declaration can’t be accomplished at main inspection, you can be directed to secondary inspection for help.

Border providers officers will help any particular person who’s unable to finish the cardboard due to a incapacity.

In the event you arrive in Canada in a personal automobile, such as an vehicle, an plane, a ship or a bus, you’ll often make an oral declaration.

If you’re declaring items that you’ve claimed below your CAN$800 (7-day) private exemption that aren’t in your possession however will comply with you, ask the border providers officer for Type BSF192, Private Exemption CBSA Declaration if you arrive in Canada. You could retain your copy of this accomplished kind till you’ve obtained and accounted for the entire items. Check with Unaccompanied items.

You and the border providers officer

Upon arrival in Canada, it’s possible you’ll be requested to bear a extra detailed course of. This can be a regular a part of the border course of which anybody coming into or re-entering Canada might expertise. Chances are you’ll be requested to full different kinds, or the border providers officer may have to look at the items you’re bringing into Canada and ask questions on them. Border providers officers are legally entitled to look at your baggage. You’re chargeable for opening, unpacking and repacking your baggage.

By making your items simply accessible for inspection, and having your receipts useful, you can be serving to the CBSA full its inspection extra rapidly. It’s a good suggestion to maintain all of your receipts for lodging and purchases, and for any repairs executed to, or elements purchased for, your automobile. The border providers officer might ask to look at them as proof of the size of your keep and of the worth of the products or repairs.

You probably have any considerations about your expertise at the border, ask to talk with the superintendent on obligation. A session can usually resolve the problem. If you’re nonetheless not happy, our officers can inform you the best way to make a proper criticism.

Some infractions on the border are prison offences. Border providers officers have the authority to arrest people for these offences, together with these below the Prison Code corresponding to impaired driving, excellent arrest warrants, stolen property and abduction or kidnapping. People who’re arrested could also be compelled to attend court docket in Canada. Anybody positioned below arrest is protected by, and might be handled in accordance with, the Canadian Constitution of Rights and Freedoms.

For extra info, discuss with Secondary Companies and Inspections.

False declarations and the seizure of items

If you don’t declare items, or in case you falsely declare them, the CBSA can seize the products. Chances are you’ll completely lose the products or you’ll have to pay a penalty to get them again. Relying on the kind of items and the circumstances concerned, the CBSA might impose a penalty that ranges from 25% to 70% of the worth of the seized items.

Objects corresponding to tobacco merchandise and alcoholic drinks are seized completely when they don’t seem to be correctly declared.

Border providers officers might seize all automobiles used to unlawfully import items. If this occurs, you can be required to pay a penalty earlier than the automobile is returned to you.

The CBSA retains a file of infractions. You probably have an infraction file, it’s possible you’ll bear a extra detailed examination on future journeys. You may additionally turn out to be ineligible for the NEXUS and CANPASS packages.

In case your items have been seized and also you disagree with the motion taken, you may an attraction the choice by contacting the CBSA inside 90 days of the date of the seizure. Extra details about the attraction course of might be discovered in your seizure receipt kind or at Appeals/Critiques.

In the event you grew to become ailing whereas travelling

If you’re affected by a communicable illness upon your return to Canada, or when you have been in shut contact with somebody with a communicable illness, you could inform a border providers officer or a quarantine officer. They’ll decide in case you require additional evaluation. If you’ve been ailing whereas travelling or turn out to be ailing after your return to Canada, inform a Canadian physician that you’ve been overseas, the place you have been and what, if any, therapy or medical care you’ve obtained (corresponding to medicines, blood transfusions, injections, dental care or surgical procedure).

Paying obligation and taxes

The fee of obligation and taxes

The CBSA collects obligation and taxes on imported items on behalf of the Authorities of Canada. Responsibility is a tariff payable on an excellent imported to Canada. Charges of obligation are established by the federal Division of Finance and may fluctuate considerably from one good to a different in addition to from one free commerce settlement to a different.

The CBSA has areas at most main airports the place you may pay any obligation or taxes you owe whereas ready in your baggage to reach. Border providers officers are there to help you.

If you arrive by land, a border providers officer will direct you to the place you may pay obligation and taxes.

Making a full declaration and paying any obligation and taxes you owe is an easy, simple course of. You’ll be able to pay by money, travellers cheque, Visa, American Specific or MasterCard. The CBSA additionally accepts debit playing cards at most places of work. If an quantity is not more than CAN$2,500, you may pay by private cheque so long as you meet sure situations, together with that you haven’t had multiple cheque returned from the Authorities of Canada resulting from non-sufficient funds (NSF) over a one yr interval. Seek the advice of “strategies of fee” in Memorandum D17-1-5, Registration, Accounting and Fee for Business Items.

A border providers officer provides you with a receipt exhibiting the calculations and quantity you paid.

Helpful obligation price

After every journey exterior Canada of 48 hours or longer, along with being eligible for a private exemption of CAN$800 (48-hour) or CAN$800 (7-day), you’re entitled to a useful obligation price of seven% for added items valued as much as CAN$300 over your exemption quantity. This price doesn’t apply to tobacco merchandise or alcoholic drinks. It applies solely to items that accompany you and that don’t qualify for duty-free entry below the Customs Tariff. You could nonetheless pay any items and providers tax (GST) or harmonized gross sales tax (HST) that applies. In some provinces, the CBSA additionally collects the provincial gross sales tax (PST).

Common obligation price

If you don’t qualify for a private exemption, or in case you exceed your exemption restrict and useful obligation price quantities, you’ll have to pay the GST/HST, in addition to any obligation or different tax or evaluation that applies on the surplus quantity. Responsibility charges fluctuate in accordance with: the products you’re importing; the nation the place the products have been made; and the nation from which you’re importing them. You may additionally must pay the PST in case you stay in a province the place the CBSA has an settlement to gather the tax and you come to Canada via that province.

Responsibility and Taxes Estimator

To help in calculating the quantity owing, the CBSA has created an obligation and tax estimator for travellers.

Relevant obligation price and taxes


Below the North American Free Commerce Settlement (NAFTA), no obligation is payable on items imported for private use if the great is marked as made in Canada, america of America (USA) or Mexico, or if there isn’t a marking or labelling indicating that it was made someplace apart from in Canada, the USA, or Mexico.

Canada’s different free commerce agreements include an analogous provision. Check with D11-4-13, Guidelines of Origin for Informal Items Below Free Commerce Agreements.


Most imported items are additionally topic to the federal items and providers tax and provincial gross sales tax or, in sure provinces and territories, the harmonized gross sales tax.

Provincial gross sales tax

The CBSA has agreements with some provinces and territories which permit the CBSA to gather provincial/territorial taxes, levies and charges on items with a price that exceeds your private exemption quantity. In the event you reside in one among these provinces or territories and you come to Canada at a port of entry in your province or territory of residence, the products that you just import in extra of your private exemption might be topic to a provincial or territorial evaluation.

Harmonized gross sales tax

The Authorities of Canada has agreements with New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island and Ontario to gather the HST. In the event you stay in a collaborating province and the worth of the non-commercial items you import is greater than your private exemption, you could pay the HST as a substitute of the GST, no matter the place you enter Canada.

Worth for obligation and overseas gross sales tax

You should declare the “worth for obligation” of the products you’re importing. Typically, that is the quantity you pay for the products, together with any overseas tax evaluation. Nonetheless, any overseas tax already refunded, or to be refunded by a overseas authorities, doesn’t must be included in your worth for obligation declaration.

Importing a marine pleasure craft

Marine pleasure craft are vessels which might be used for non-commercial functions. These embrace boats, fishing boats, yachts, dinghies, tenders, motorboats, sailboats and private watercraft.

All pleasure vessels imported by residents of Canada, no matter the place the vessels are licensed or registered, are topic to all relevant obligation and taxes when they’re first imported into Canada.

If importing used marine pleasure craft, the proprietor should be sure that the vessel just isn’t infested or contaminated with Zebra or Quagga mussels as per the import prohibitions within the Aquatic Invasive Species Rules made below the Fisheries Act. The vessel ought to be cleaned, drained, and dried. Refer to Importing marine pleasure craft.

Unaccompanied items

Typically travellers purchase items exterior Canada and have these despatched residence. These items arrive after your return to Canada. In the event you make such preparations with a courier or postal firm, you have 40 days from the date of your return to Canada to say these items. The great(s) mailed to Canada should qualify for the 7-day private exemption. The cargo should not include alcohol or tobacco merchandise.

Upon arrival, you could inform a border providers officer that you’ve shipped items to comply with and request Type BSF192, Private Exemption CBSA Declaration. You should definitely retain your copy of Type BSF192 till you have obtained and accounted for all of your items.

Accepting or refusing courier deliveries

When a courier firm delivers the products, they’ll ask that you just to pay the relevant obligation and taxes together with a processing price. You then have two choices:

  • You can settle for supply by paying the quantity owing after which file a declare with the CBSA for a refund of the duties and taxes. For info on the informal items refund course of, discuss with D6-2-6, Refund of Duties and Taxes on Non-commercial Importations; or
  • You can refuse to simply accept the supply and keep away from paying the obligation, taxes and the processing price. In the event you do that, you could advise the courier firm at time of supply that you’ll personally clear your items with the CBSA. In any other case, the products might be returned to the nation of export. Upon getting personally cleared the products with the CBSA, utilizing Type Type BSF192, Private Exemption CBSA Declaration you can be required to current the CBSA clearance paperwork to the courier in order for your items to be delivered.

For extra basic info on importing items by courier, discuss with Importing items for private use.

Accepting or refusing postal deliveries

When Canada Publish delivers the products, you’ve three choices:

  • You’ll be able to refuse the mail merchandise and request a reassessment (a evaluation of the quantity charged earlier than you pay);
  • You pays the obligation and/or taxes and request an adjustment (a evaluation of the quantity charged after you pay); or
  • If you wish to return items to sender earlier than you pay the obligation and/or taxes, advise Canada Publish upon supply.

For extra info, please discuss with Import by Mail.

Exchanging items

You will have 60 days from the date you imported items below your private exemption to keep away from paying extra obligation. Contact your nearest CBSA workplace for recommendation.

Restricted and prohibited items

Importing sure items into Canada is restricted or prohibited. The next are some examples of those items.

Meals, vegetation, animals and associated merchandise

You could declare all meals, vegetation, animal and associated merchandise that you just import into Canada. Failure to take action can lead to your good being confiscated or it’s possible you’ll be topic to a high-quality or prosecution.

A few of these objects are prohibited or regulated as a result of they will carry overseas animal and plant pests and ailments. Check with the Canadian Meals Inspection Company’s (CFIA) Travellers: what you may deliver into Canada.

Full and present import necessities for CFIA-regulated merchandise might be discovered by consulting CFIA’s Automated Import Reference System (AIRS). AIRS guides the person via a sequence of questions concerning the Harmonized System code, origin, vacation spot, finish use and miscellaneous qualifiers of the product they want to import. The import necessities can change every day resulting from rising threats.

Sure species of vegetation and animals that are endangered or threatened resulting from industrial exploitation are protected below the Conference on Worldwide Commerce in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Their commerce is fastidiously managed. CITES import necessities don’t seem in AIRS. If you’ve questions on importing a CITES species, go to Worldwide commerce in protected animals and vegetation.

Some aquatic invasive species (AIS), corresponding to zebra and quagga mussels and stay Asian carp, are prohibited entry to Canada. Check with Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s Aquatic Invasive Species web site.

International Affairs Canada (GAC) has set extra limits on the amount and/or greenback worth of sure meals merchandise you may deliver into Canada duty-free or which you can embrace in your private exemption. Until you’ve an import allow from GAC for portions over and above the established limits, you’ll have to pay obligation starting from 150% – 300% of the worth of the products. Check with Tariff Price Quotas: Agricultural Merchandise for extra info.

In some instances, provinces and territories have laws prohibiting possession or transport of particular invasive species and species that may carry ailments. Earlier than you deliver any vegetation, merchandise or animals (both alive or useless corresponding to within the case of carcasses, trophies or complete fish) right into a province or territory, test with the jurisdiction to make sure you adjust to provincial and territorial legal guidelines and rules.

For extra info, discuss with Meals plant and animal inspections.

Well being merchandise and prescribed drugs

In Canada, well being merchandise could also be regulated in a different way than they’re in different nations. For instance, what is out there and not using a prescription in a single nation might require a prescription in Canada.

Canada has restrictions on the portions and kinds of well being merchandise that may be introduced in. Check with Steering Doc on the Import Necessities for Well being Merchandise below the Meals and Medication Act and its Rules (GUI-0084) on Well being Canada’s web site.

Items contaminated with soil

Soil is a serious service of invasive species as effectively as plant and animal ailments.

Autos, gear, footwear and different items arriving on the Canadian border which might be contaminated with soil are often refused entry. These items could also be allowed entry below particular circumstances. Check with Defending Canada from Invasive Species.


Invasive bugs and ailments can exist in firewood; it can’t be imported into Canada and not using a allow. Purchase firewood regionally and burn it on web site. Check with Do not transfer firewood.

Prohibited shopper merchandise

The Canada Client Merchandise Security Act prohibits you from importing shopper merchandise that would pose a hazard to the general public (for instance, child walkers or jequirity beans which might be usually present in artwork or bead work).

You ought to be conscious of shopper merchandise which have security necessities in Canada. Many of those necessities are stricter than necessities of different nations. For extra info discuss with Bringing Client Merchandise into Canada.

Cultural property

Sure antiquities or cultural objects thought-about to have historic significance to their nation of origin can’t be introduced into Canada with out the suitable export permits. Seek the advice of Import of Cultural Property for extra info.

Firearms and weapons

You could declare all weapons and firearms on the CBSA port of entry if you enter Canada. If not, the products could also be seized and you might face prosecution.

For extra detailed info on importing a firearm into Canada, together with licensing, registration and allow necessities, seek the advice of Import and Export a Firearm or Weapon into Canada.

Explosives, fireworks and ammunition

You could have written authorization and permits to deliver explosives, fireworks and sure sorts of ammunition into Canada. There are private exemptions for some explosive objects. For extra details about the importation of this stuff seek the advice of Importation, Exportation and Transportation in Transit or contact Pure Assets Canada’s Explosives Regulatory Division.

Obscene materials

You’re prohibited from importing items corresponding to obscene materials, hate propaganda or little one pornography, into Canada. Check with D9-1-1, Coverage on the Classification of Obscene Materials and D9-1-15, Coverage on the Classification of Hate Propaganda, Sedition and Treason.

Used or second-hand mattresses

You can not import used or second-hand mattresses into Canada and not using a certificates that verifies the mattresses have been cleaned and fumigated within the nation of export. A letter, or some other doc that clearly demonstrates that this requirement has been met, is suitable whether it is signed by an individual certified in cleansing and fumigating. Check with D9-1-7, Used or Second-Hand Mattresses and Supplies Therefrom.

Different prohibited items

For info regarding different prohibited items, seek the advice of Prohibited Importations.

Items topic to import controls

To observe the results of imports on Canadian producers, there are import controls on objects corresponding to clothes, purses and textiles. These controls are outlined in the Export and Imports Permits Act. Chances are you’ll want an import allow, even in case you qualify for a private exemption, relying on the worth, amount or sort of products you plan to import.

For extra info about these merchandise, seek the advice of International Affairs Canada’s Export and Import Controls.


Automobile imports fall below a number of federal departments, together with the CBSA, Transport Canada (TC), and the Canadian Meals Inspection Company. Necessities from all of those departments apply.

What constitutes a automobile

Below customs laws, “automobile” can refer to any type of pleasure automobile corresponding to passenger vehicles, pickup vehicles, camper vehicles, vans, jeeps, chassis cabs, bikes, snowmobiles and motor houses; as lengthy as it’s used for non-commercial functions.

For the aim of importing, TC defines a automobile as, “any automobile that’s able to being pushed or drawn on roads by any means apart from muscular energy completely, however doesn’t embrace any automobile designed to run completely on rails.” Trailers corresponding to leisure, boat, tenting, horse and inventory trailers are thought-about automobiles as are wooden chippers, mills or some other gear mounted on rims and tires.

Transport Canada necessities

For importing functions, Transport Canada considers U.S.-leased and financed automobiles as “bought” and these automobiles should meet TC’s import and admissibility necessities.

Import restrictions additionally apply to most used or second-hand automobiles that aren’t manufactured within the present yr and are imported from a rustic apart from the United States. For additional info, discuss with Memorandum D9-1-11, Importation of Used or Second-hand Motor Autos.

Earlier than importing any automobile, you must contact the Registrar of Imported Autos (RIV). Created by TC, the RIV administers a nationwide program to make sure that imported automobiles are introduced into compliance with Canada’s security requirements.

As soon as a automobile is launched on the border, you could abide by the phrases of your TC declaration which can embrace fulfilling extra necessities established below relevant legislative provisions.

For extra info on TC’s necessities on the importation of automobiles, together with an entire listing of car courses, discuss with D19-12-1, Importation of Autos or contact Transport Canada’s Motor Automobile Security Directorate.

Provincial/territorial necessities

You also needs to contact the provincial or territorial licensing authority to find out what provincial necessities might apply for importing and licencing a automobile in that province or territory. Border providers officers will confirm compliance to provincial and territorial necessities and laws previous to releasing a automobile on the border.

Has your automobile are available in contact with soil or manure?

No matter place of origin, imported used automobiles, farm gear and associated earth-moving automobiles and gear should be free from soil, sand, earth, plant residue, manure and associated particles. Many unique plant pest organisms able to inflicting financial loss to Canadian agricultural manufacturing might be transported in soil and associated matter. Check with D19-1-1, Meals, Vegetation, Animals and Associated Merchandise.

Bought, rented, borrowed or leased automobiles: restrictions on non permanent importation

In the event you purchase, lease, lease or borrow a automobile whereas exterior Canada, CBSA and Transport Canada laws will mean you can deliver it into Canada for your private use on a short lived foundation solely below sure particular phrases and situations. For added info, discuss with D2-4-1, Non permanent Importation of Conveyances by Residents of Canada and D19-12-1, Importation of Autos.

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