One-to-One Laptop Schools/Bombay, India – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

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Background[edit]

The American Faculty of Bombay,[1] is an American abroad college situated in Mumbai (Bombay), India. American abroad colleges [2][3] are establishments which have U.S. sponsorship via non-public companies, church buildings, dad or mum teams and/or authorities businesses. These colleges serve eligible U.S. college students in international nations however are usually not restricted to simply US residents; anybody looking for a US primarily based curriculum might ship their baby to a US abroad college. A few of these colleges are ruled by the Workplace of Abroad Colleges in Washington D.C. and their mission is to advertise high quality instructional alternatives on the elementary and secondary stage for dependents of Americans finishing up our applications and pursuits of the U.S. Authorities overseas.(state.gov). American colleges can vary from small main colleges to bigger establishments housing kindergarten (or pre-kindergarten) via grade twelve lessons.

The scholar physique on the American Faculty of Bombay (ASB) has 47 completely different nationalities at the moment attending. Solely twenty 5 p.c of the scholars are from the US. Ten p.c of the scholars are English as a Second Language (ESL). A lot of the dad or mum group inside American abroad colleges comes from a enterprise or a diplomatic group. Since Mumbai is the monetary capitol of India, nearly all of households come from the enterprise facet. These households have a tendency to maneuver from one nation to a different so the American abroad colleges present American requirements of training to them. Typically, ASB has a really transient inhabitants. One third of the scholar and dad or mum inhabitants strikes yearly plus college and employees have a tendency to maneuver each Three years, so there’s all the time turnover.

Initiative and Significance[edit]

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The American Faculty of Bombay started investigating pupil laptop computer applications in the USA in 2000 and initially started their program throughout 2001 with IBM laptop computer carts accessible to college students and academics to share. In 2003 Microsoft and Toshiba launched their “Anytime, Wherever” studying initiative [4] and ASB was one of many first colleges to affix this one-to-one program. At the moment, all college students from grades 7 to 12 had been requested to purchase pill PC’s. If the scholar already had their very own laptop computer, the college supplied to purchase them again so college students may all purchase the college authorised and required Toshiba pill to be on the identical web page. Now in its seventh 12 months, the American Faculty of Bombay’s one-to-one program has grown significantly to incorporate all college students in grades 6 via 12. As well as, all college students in grades 3, four and 5 are in a one-to-one program. Nonetheless, the Elementary Faculty laptops are supplied by the college and stay on campus. College students in grades 1 and a couple of share one laptop computer between each 2 college students, Kindergarten has a 3 to 1 ratio and Pre Ok has a 4 to 1 ratio.

Dr. Shabbi Luthra [5] turned the Director of Expertise on the American Faculty of Bombay in 2005. Beforehand she had been the IT director on the Dubai American Academy and the Tech Coordinator on the American Embassy Faculty in New Delhi. That is along with being an adjunct professor on the State College of New York, Buffalo and Boston College. Throughout the course of her 4 years on the college, she and Dr. Paul Fochtman, the Superintendent of ASB, led a number of systemic adjustments in expertise use on the college. Their ahead pondering and the ASB management staff’s dedication to significant skilled growth is constant to make sure the success of the one-to-one program at this establishment.

ASB is without doubt one of the solely American abroad colleges to have a Pre-Ok-12 pill and laptop computer program. Many colleges start a one-to-one program within the center college however few supply applications that embody the decrease grades, a lot much less Pre-Ok. ASB acknowledged that fast adjustments in expertise are continuously shaping the world and altering the way in which college students study. The college management and the expertise division foster the one-to-one program at this establishment by setting objectives that don’t simply maintain tempo with these technological shifts, however encourage the academics and college students concerned to take possession and look ahead to what’s coming many steps forward. Offering an setting the place college students can interact within the classes they’re introduced utilizing legitimate expertise required for fulfillment sooner or later is why one-to-one applications are rising in reputation.

Profitable Engagement[edit]

Dr. Luthra cited the best success of the one-to-one pill program at ASB because the excessive stage of engagement in studying that has emerged for college kids via integrating the tablets into the classroom. True engagement occurred for academics, mother and father and college students at ASB. This was achieved by ASB’s intensive strategy to skilled growth and by offering a way of inclusion and possession for all events concerned.

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ASB has a Expertise Management Workforce made up of 32 folks together with mother and father, highschool college students, college, and employees members with illustration throughout all divisions. This staff is liable for macro-level pondering and planning about how expertise needs to be built-in into the classroom. They don’t seem to be liable for precise implementation, just for offering the imaginative and prescient, writing the plans, discussing potential implementation points that will come up, and suggesting options to those points. This staff develops a 5-year imaginative and prescient for the place they see the college technologically after which prepares a 2-year expertise plan to assist them get there. This plan turns into a suggestion to the administration and the expertise division, and the train engages all included events deeply. The various cross part of staff members ensures that each one angles of expertise integration are addressed.

Dr. Luthra noticed that college students in many colleges are extra snug with expertise than the academics are; most instances the scholars and academics use expertise in numerous methods. Nonetheless for profitable integration to happen, the academics should change into the innovators whereas exploring and interesting with new applied sciences. ASB has arrange a wikispace itemizing a handful of applicable, authorised instruments for secondary college academics to make use of within the classroom. These instruments are listed by topic areas and embody analysis on tech integration in every space and supply concepts on how one can combine. Lecturers are inspired to discover these instruments and select which of them they need to use. A few of these instruments embody blogs, wikis, podcasts, dialogue boards, E-portfolios for English or Language Arts departments and Dyknow, Geometer’s Sketchpad, Math Kind, Diigo, and Graphing Calculator for Math departments, amongst others.

One other manner academics interact with the expertise is thru “Tech Cafés” held each Monday the place many academics come collectively and talk about expertise integration or different specific expertise matters. These conferences are casual and don’t deal with how one can use the expertise however present extra of an open thought discussion board for academics to debate completely different instruments and the place it might or might not be applicable to combine expertise into their lesson plans. Interacting with their friends on this format has confirmed profitable as academics achieve new perception and inventory their bag of instruments with contemporary, confirmed concepts.

ASB has adopted the ISTE [6] requirements and devised a plan to permit every division (Higher, Center, and Decrease) to decide on one commonplace, then write up a plan on how they wish to implement the skilled growth for all of the academics to realize that commonplace. For instance, this 12 months the Center college selected commonplace 5; Interact in skilled progress and management. The purpose of this commonplace is to construct skilled management as a group/college giving each individual the chance to change into a expertise chief. Every division will probably be evaluated yearly to see how profitable they had been with their skilled growth plan implementation. Every division will select one other tech commonplace for the subsequent 12 months so in 5 years, every division may have applied all 5 ISTE requirements. Every college principal can also be required to current a yearly expertise purpose to the superintendent. In actual fact, the superintendent additionally units a yearly expertise purpose making certain that expertise integration is completely embedded within the college tradition.

Challenges and Limitations[edit]

In accordance with Dr Luthra, there have been just a few elements that hindered the quick success of the one-to-one challenge at ASB. One was the shortage of accessible instructional software program for the tablets on the time the challenge was rolled out. There merely weren’t many instructional packages in manufacturing that assisted academics in integrating the tablets into their lesson plans. The tablets had been as soon as solely used with applications like Microsoft Workplace, OneNote and Home windows Journal. One other hurdle associated to the {hardware} finish of this system. The Toshiba tablets had been first technology and tended to be clunky and problematic for the scholars. The tablets had been completely different from the PC’s and laptops the scholars might have been used to working with previously. As well as, the college infrastructure at ASB proved to be insufficient.

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Wi-fi expertise was comparatively new to the college and the present entry factors weren’t sturdy sufficient to deal with the additional site visitors generated by all the brand new wi-fi {hardware}. Happily, the Superintendent and the Board of Trustees acknowledged the necessity for a robust spine and the funds had been authorised to improve the college infrastructure. The wi-fi community was upgraded from a B community to a G managed wi-fi community. The servers had been upgraded together with firewalls and antivirus programs. Consultants had been introduced in to finish website surveys and Microsoft was contracted to deal with wi-fi safety points. These essential upgrades addressed safety considerations, expanded bandwidth and created redundancy for the rising college community.

One concern with this system early on was that the main focus was initially on the expertise itself reasonably than on expertise integration. Simply having the most recent and best in pill expertise doesn’t assure a profitable program with true integration and assist. The shift was made to speculate money and time into the folks liable for making the one-to-one program work. ASB invested closely in human sources to assist the college infrastructure. The college sought to rent technical assist professionals from exterior company environments reasonably than these with instructional backgrounds to vary the dynamic and information base of the assist staff. All six folks in the primary assist staff had been educated to deal with one another’s job tasks to make sure redundancy. ASB dedicated to decreasing community downtime to make sure the academics and college students remained engaged with the expertise.

Abstract[edit]

When she arrived in 2005, Dr. Luthra believed ASB was doing a superb job of integrating the tablets and laptops into the classroom, however issues weren’t operating at an optimum stage. So because of this, trainer buy-in was not 100%. She believes {that a} trainer’s perception system won’t change till they’ve had a sequence of experiences which can be profitable with utilizing expertise. Strengthening the spine and constructing religion within the integration of expertise was an ongoing course of however proved profitable as time progressed. Conserving mother and father, college students and academics invested within the expertise integration course of really varieties essential connections and improvements which may not exist if not for the Expertise Management Workforce. Offering freedom to share and discover, making certain optimum working circumstances, and valuing the enter of the top consumer are all the reason why the one-to-one program, has confirmed profitable at ASB. This establishment is trying to remain forward of the expertise curve and to offer their pupil, dad or mum, and trainer communities with the instruments required for fulfillment.

References[edit]


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