Red envelope – Wikipedia

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Red envelope - Wikipedia
Purple envelope
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Assorted examples of up to date crimson envelopes

Chinese language title
Conventional Chinese language 紅包
Simplified Chinese language 红包
Literal that means “crimson packet”
Various Chinese language title
Chinese language 利是 or 利事
Literal that means “good for enterprise”
Burmese title
Burmese အန်ပေါင်း
an paung
Vietnamese title
Vietnamese lì xì
phong bao mừng tuổi
Thai title
Thai อั่งเปา
RTGS ang pow
Korean title
Hangul 세뱃돈
Hanja 歲拜돈
Japanese title
Kanji お年玉袋
祝儀袋
Malay title
Malay angpau
Filipino title
Tagalog ᜀᜅ᜔ ᜉᜏ᜔
ampaw / angpao
Khmer title
Khmer អាំងប៉ាវ
ang pav

In Chinese language and different East and Southeast Asian societies, a crimson envelope or a crimson packet (simplified Chinese language: 红包; conventional Chinese language: 紅包; pinyin: hóngbāo; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Âng-pau) is a financial present which is given throughout holidays or particular events resembling weddings, commencement or the beginning of a child.

Exterior of China, related customs have been adopted throughout components of Southeast Asia and plenty of different international locations with a large ethnic Chinese language inhabitants.

Purple envelopes are presents offered at social and household gatherings resembling weddings or holidays resembling Chinese language New Yr. The crimson coloration of the envelope that symbolizes good luck and is an emblem to chase away evil spirits. Additionally it is gifted when an individual is visiting as a gesture of kindness for visiting. The act of requesting crimson packets is generally known as tao hongbao (Chinese language: 討紅包; pinyin: tǎo hóngbāo) or yao lishi (Chinese language: 要利是; pinyin: yào lì shì), and within the south of China, dou li shi (Chinese language: 逗利是; pinyin: dòu lì shì; Cantonese Yale: dau6 lai6 si6). Purple envelopes are normally given out to the youthful era who’re usually nonetheless at school or unemployed.

The sum of money contained within the envelope normally ends with a fair digit, in accordance with Chinese language beliefs; odd-numbered cash presents are historically related to funerals. The exception being the quantity 9 because the pronunciation of 9 (Chinese language: ) is homophonous to the phrase lengthy () and is the most important digit.[1] Nonetheless in some areas of China and in its diaspora group, odd numbers are favored for weddings as a result of they’re troublesome to divide. There’s additionally a widespread custom that cash shouldn’t be given in fours, or the quantity 4 mustn’t seem within the quantity, resembling in 40, 400 and 444, because the pronunciation of the phrase 4 () is homophonous to the phrase demise (). When giving cash, new crispy payments are usually given as an alternative of outdated soiled payments. It’s common to see lengthy queues exterior of banks earlier than Chinese language New Yr with individuals ready to get new payments.

At marriage ceremony banquets, the quantity supplied is normally meant to cowl the price of the attendees in addition to signify goodwill to the newlyweds. Quantities given are sometimes recorded in ceremonial ledgers for the brand new couple to maintain.

Throughout the Chinese language New Yr, in Southern China, crimson envelopes are sometimes given by the married to the single, most of whom are kids. In northern and southern China, crimson envelopes are sometimes given by the elders to the youthful below 25 (30 in many of the three northeastern provinces), no matter marital standing. The sum of money is normally notes to keep away from heavy cash and to make it troublesome to guage the quantity inside earlier than opening. It’s conventional to place model new notes inside crimson envelopes and likewise to keep away from opening the envelopes in entrance of the family members out of courtesy.

Additionally it is given through the Chinese language New Yr in office from an individual of authority (supervisors or proprietor of the enterprise) out of his personal fund to staff as a token of excellent fortune for the upcoming 12 months.

In appearing, additionally it is typical to offer an actor a crimson packet when she or he is to play a useless character, or pose for an image for an obituary or a grave stone.

Purple packets are additionally used to ship cost for favorable service to lion dance performers, non secular practitioners, lecturers, and medical doctors.

Purple packets as a type of bribery in China’s movie business have been revealed in 2014’s Sony hack.[2]

Digital crimson envelopes[edit]

A up to date interpretation of the apply comes within the type of digital crimson envelopes, applied as a part of cell cost platforms. Throughout the Chinese language New Yr vacation in 2014, the messaging app WeChat launched the power to distribute digital crimson envelopes of cash to contacts and teams through its WeChat Pay platform. The launch included an on-air promotion through the CCTV New Yr’s Gala—China’s most-watched tv particular—the place viewers might win crimson envelopes as prizes.[3][4]

Adoption of WeChat Pay noticed a serious improve following the launch, and two years later, over 32 billion digital envelopes have been despatched over the Chinese language New Yr vacation in 2016 (itself a tenfold improve over 2015). The recognition of the function spawned imitations from different distributors; a “crimson envelope warfare” emerged between WeChat proprietor Tencent and its historic rival, Alibaba Group, who added an analogous operate to its competing messaging service and has held related giveaway promotions.[3][4] Analysts estimated that over 100 billion digital crimson envelopes can be despatched over the New Yr vacation in 2017.[5][6] A analysis examine exhibits that this popularization of digital crimson packets comes from their contagious function — customers who obtain crimson packets really feel obligated to observe swimsuit to ship one other one.[7]

In China, through the Qin Dynasty, the aged would thread cash with a crimson string.

There was a sort of little demon known as sui (Chinese language: ) in historic occasions. At any time when it’s on New Yr’s Eve, it can seem quietly, touching the pinnacle of a sleeping youngster. The kid who was being touched will likely be scared and cry, and likewise may have a headache. Due to this fact, to be able to stop in opposition to the sui, individuals previously didn’t dare to sleep on New Yr’s Eve, and all of the lights have been known as Shou Sui (守祟).

One story of the folklore is about an aged couple with a treasured son. On the night time of New Yr’s Eve, since they have been afraid that sui would come, they took out eight items of copper cash to play with their son to be able to maintain him awake. Their son was very sleepy, nonetheless, in order that they let him fall asleep after inserting a crimson paper bag containing copper cash below the kid’s pillow. The 2 older kids have been additionally stayed with him for the entire night time. Abruptly, the doorways and home windows have been blown open by a wierd wind, and even the candlelight was extinguished. It turned out to be sui. When sui was going to succeed in out and contact the kid’s head, the pillow all of the sudden brightened with the golden gentle, and the sui was scared away, so the exorcism impact of “crimson paper wrapped copper cash” unfold previously China[8] (see additionally Chinese language numismatic charms).

The cash was known as “cash keeping off evil spirits” (Chinese language: 壓祟錢; pinyin: yāsuì qián) and was believed to guard the particular person of youthful era from illness and demise. The yasui qian was changed by crimson envelopes when printing presses turned extra widespread and is now discovered written utilizing the homophone for sui () which means “outdated age” as an alternative of “evil spirits” thus, “cash keeping off outdated age” (壓歲錢; yāsuì qián). Purple envelopes proceed to be referred to by such names in the present day. One more reason for altering to make use of crimson envelope is as a result of the design of cash. There isn’t any extra gap on the coin these days to allow them to not thread cash with the string. Due to this fact, individuals began utilizing folding cash to exchange coin in crimson envelope.[9]

Some say that the historical past of the Ang Pow dates again so far as the Track Dynasty (960–1279) in China. The story goes that a large demon was terrorising a village and there was no one within the village who was capable of defeat the demon; many warriors and statesmen had tried with no luck. A younger orphan stepped in, armed with a magical sword that was inherited from ancestors and battled the demon, ultimately killing it. Peace was lastly restored to the village, and the elders all offered the courageous younger man with a crimson envelope crammed with cash to repay the younger orphan for his braveness and for ridding the demon from the village.[10]

At SuZhou, the kids saved the crimson envelope of their bed room after they acquired. They believed that placing the crimson envelope below their mattress can shield the kids. The motion how they holding down the crimson envelope confer with the Chinese language that means “壓”. These ya sui qian wouldn’t be used till the top of Chinese language New Yr. Additionally they acquired fruit or cake throughout the brand new 12 months.[11]

Within the Han Dynasty, New Yr’s cash was inscribed with auspicious phrases on the entrance, resembling “Could you reside an extended and profitable life”. Thus, it isn’t cash, however an actual blessing. Within the Tang Dynasty, the Chinese language New Yr was thought of to be the start of spring, and along with congratulations, elders gave cash to kids to chase away evil spirits. After the Track and Yuan Dynasties, the customized of giving cash within the Spring Pageant advanced into the customized of giving kids fortunate cash. Within the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there have been two sorts of fortunate cash. One was made from coloured string and thread and positioned on the foot of the mattress within the form of a dragon. The opposite is that elders wrap the cash in crimson paper and provides it to their kids. After the Republic of China, it advanced into 100 cash wrapped in crimson paper, that means “Could you reside 100 years!”. After the founding of the Folks’s Republic of China, the customized of the elders giving the youthful era cash continued. Nonetheless, to get the cash, the youthful era must kowtow to thank their elders.[12]

Different customs[edit]

Different related traditions additionally exist in different international locations in Asia.

Ethnic Chinese language[edit]

In Thailand, Myanmar (Burma) and Cambodia, the Chinese language diaspora and immigrants have launched the tradition of crimson envelopes.

Cambodia[edit]

In Cambodia, crimson envelopes are known as ang pav or tae ea (“give ang pav“). Ang pav are delivered with greatest needs from elder to youthful generations. The cash quantity in ang pav makes younger kids pleased and is a most essential present which historically displays the very best needs as an emblem of excellent luck for the elders. Ang pav might be offered on the day of Chinese language New Yr or Saen Chen, when family members collect collectively. The present is saved as a worship merchandise in or below the pillowcase, or someplace else, particularly close to the mattress of younger whereas they’re sleeping in New Yr time. Present in ang pav might be both cash or a cheque, and kind of in line with the charity of the donors.

The custom of the supply of ang pav historically descended from one era to a different a very long time in the past. Ang pav won’t be given to some one in household who has obtained a profession, however this particular person has to, in return, ship it to their mother and father and/or their youthful kids or siblings.

At weddings, the quantity supplied is normally meant to cowl the price of the attendees in addition to assist the newly married couple.

Vietnam[edit]

In Vietnam, crimson envelopes are thought of to be fortunate cash and are sometimes given to kids. They’re usually given by the elders and adults, the place a greeting or providing well being and longevity is exchanged by the youthful era. Frequent greetings embrace “Sống lâu trăm tuổi”, “An khang thịnh vượng” (安康興旺), “Vạn sự như ý” (萬事如意) and “Sức khỏe dồi dào”, which all relate again to the concept of wishing well being and prosperity as age besets everybody in Vietnam on the Lunar New Yr. The standard title for fortunate cash is lì xì or, much less generally, mừng tuổi.

South Korea[edit]

In South Korea, a financial present is given to kids by their family members through the New Yr interval. Nonetheless, white envelopes are used as an alternative of crimson, with the title of the receiver written on the again.

Japan[edit]

A financial present otoshidama (お年玉) is given to kids by their family members through the New Yr interval. White or adorned envelopes (otoshidama-bukuro (お年玉袋)) are used as an alternative of crimson, with the title of the receiver written on both facet. An analogous apply, shūgi-bukuro, is noticed for Japanese weddings, however the envelope is folded fairly than sealed, and adorned with an elaborate bow.

Philippines[edit]

Within the Philippines, Chinese language Filipinos alternate crimson envelopes (termed ang pao) through the Lunar New Yr, which is an simply recognisable image. The crimson envelope has gained wider acceptance amongst non-Chinese language Filipinos, who’ve appropriated the customized for different events resembling birthdays, and in giving financial aguinaldo throughout Christmas.

Inexperienced envelope[edit]

Malay Muslims in Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, and Singapore have adopted the Chinese language customized of handing out financial presents in envelopes as a part of their Eid al-Fitr (Malay: Hari Raya Aidilfitri) celebrations, however as an alternative of crimson packets, inexperienced envelopes are used. Usually a household may have (normally small) quantities of cash in inexperienced envelopes prepared for guests, and should ship them to family and friends unable to go to. Inexperienced is used for its conventional affiliation with Islam, and the variation of the crimson envelope relies on the Muslim customized of sadaqah, or voluntary charity. This isn’t essentially true as envelopes of any or multi colours can be found with modern designs included. Whereas current within the Qur’an, sadaqah is far much less formally established than the generally related apply of zakat, and in lots of cultures this takes a kind nearer to gift-giving and generosity amongst associates than charity within the strict sense, i.e. no try is made to offer extra to friends “in want”, neither is it as a spiritual obligation as Islamic charity is usually considered.

Purple envelope[edit]

The custom of ang pao has additionally been adopted by the native Indian Hindu populations of Singapore and Malaysia for Deepavali. They’re generally known as Deepavali ang pow (in Malaysia), purple ang pow or just ang pow (in Singapore).[13] Yellow colored envelopes for Deepavali have additionally been out there at occasions previously.[14][self-published source]

See additionally[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “The Historical past of the Purple Envelopes and Learn how to Use them Within the Yr of the Yin Earth Pig 2019”. FengshuiWeb.co.uk. 19 June 2012. Archived from the unique on 2017-04-03. Retrieved 2017-04-02.
  2. ^ Fox-Brewster, Thomas. “Inside Sony’s Mysterious ‘Purple Pockets’: Hackers Blow Open China Bribery Probe”. Forbes. Archived from the unique on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b “How Social Money Made WeChat The App For Every thing”. Quick Firm. Archived from the unique on Three January 2017. Retrieved four January 2017.
  4. ^ a b Younger, Doug. “Purple envelope wars in China, Xiaomi eyes US”. South China Morning Submit. Archived from the unique on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  5. ^ “Why this Chinese language New Yr will likely be a digital cash fest”. BBC Information. Archived from the unique on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  6. ^ “Tencent, Alibaba Ship Lunar New Yr Revelers Cash-Looking”. Caixin World. 13 January 2017. Archived from the unique on 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  7. ^ Present Contagion in On-line Teams: Proof From WeChat Purple Packets, Yuan et al., arXiv preprint, 2020.
  8. ^ 超宏, 陳 (2014). 《紅包》. 香港: 商務書局。.
  9. ^ Kin Wai Michael, Siu (Winter 2001). “Purple pocket: A conventional object within the trendy world”. Journal of Standard Tradition. 35 (3): 103–125. doi:10.1111/j.0022-3840.2001.3503_103.x. ProQuest 195369993.
  10. ^ Zhang, Qian; Li, Jun; Wang, Shanyong; Zhou, Yu (2019). “Understanding the Consumer’s Economical and Psychological Intentions to Snatch Digital Purple Envelopes: An Experimental Research”. IEEE Entry. 7: 5749–5759. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2888576. ISSN 2169-3536.
  11. ^ Qin, Jia (n.d.). “Qin Jia Lok”. ctext.org. Archived from the unique on 2019-03-06. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  12. ^ “The Historic Growth of Purple Envelopes”.
  13. ^ Siek, Hwee Ling; Tien-Li Chen (2013). Inexperienced Ang Pow and Purple Ang Pow in Malaysian Every day Life Follow (PDF). fifth Worldwide Congress of Worldwide Affiliation of Societies of Design Analysis — IASDR 2013. Archived (PDF) from the unique on 2016-09-23. Retrieved 2016-08-31.
  14. ^ “Makes use of of “ang pow” amongst totally different races in Singapore”. ChineseNewYearLanterns.blogspot.com. Archived from the unique on 2019-07-30. Retrieved 2019-07-30.

Sources[edit]

Exterior hyperlinks[edit]


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